Friday, July 12, 2002

Open Source Library System

Exciting news from the Koha project:
To the Koha community;

Bonjour,
Our first French translation did in fact come out last week, which sets the stage nicely for this weeks news. We've also seen continued growth of our developer and user bases (including an installation of FreeBSD -- Hooray!!)

The entire message is available. This project continues to go from one accomplishment to the next.

Library Open Source

The Callimachus Group exists to promote interaction between Open Source Library software projects. The page only lists tasks and members. The membership list does include the name of the open source project so it is a good place to begin a search on what is available.

MARC Transformations

Some notes on open source projects this morning. MARC4J is currently at beta version 6.
The goal of MARC4J is to provide an easy to use Application Programming Interface (API) for working with MARC records in Java.

Using MARC4J it is easy to write any kind of Java application or servlet that involves MARC or MARCXML data. MARC4J provides SAX2 consumers and producers for conversions between MARC and MARCXML, including support for character conversions between MARC-8 and UCS/Unicode environments. Together with the SAX2 interface it is possible to write robust MARC to XML conversion programs simply by implementing the methods in the MarcHandler interface. The MARC record object model can be used to convert XML back to MARC tape format. The record object model is also suitable for in-memory editing of MARC records, just as DOM is used for XML editing purposes. The MARC4J library can also be used for reporting purposes, to import MARC records into databases, or to provide transformations between different MARC formats.

Bibliography Tool

zNote is an open source bibliography management tool.

Here is zNote, a web-based bibliography-management tool built with Zope and XML.

zNote is intended to ultimately be a replacement for tools like EndNote, ProCite, and to a certain extent, bibTeX. It uses a hierarchical XML data format which is more flexible than flat data, and it works using a set of pretty simple DOM calls to format, edit, etc.

zNote is currently at version 0.6. It is now a complete, functioning Python-classed product. It is totally usable (I have a couple of hundred entries in the one I'm using), but it has some rough edges that could be sanded off.

Like all open source projects, the more folks who contribute the fewer rough edges it will have.

Thursday, July 11, 2002

E-Serials Cataloging

I just received this note from Gerry McKiernan. Be aware this is one large PDF file, not one for each paper. So it does take a while to load.

I am pleased to announce that free full-text (PDF) access to the entire contents of "E-Serials Cataloging: Access to Continuing and Integrating Resources via the Catalog and the Web," (The Serials Librarian 41 (3-4) 2002) edited by Jim Cole and Wayne Jones is now available from this site and here

This special issue contains my latest article "E is for Everything: The Extra-Ordinary, Evoluntionay [e-]Journal" which is a review of key features of The Eclectic Journal.

Here's a partial Table of Contents for the issue.

E-Serials Cataloging in the 1990's: A Review of the Literature by Ann Copeland

ISBD(ER) and Its Role in the Management of Electronic Resources by Sten Hedberg

The Integration of Electronic Resources into Cataloging Instruction in the LIS Curriculum by Taemin Kim Park

Teaching Seriality: A Major Education Challenge by Arlene G. Taylor

Web Resources for Cataloging Electronic Serials and Continuing Resources: An Annotated Bibliography by John Blosser, Tim Hagan, and Yvonne W. Zhang

Internet Resources Cataloging in ARL Libraries: Staffing and Access Issues by Jeanne M.K. Boydston and Joan M. Leysen

Notes for Remote Access Computer File Serials by Beatrice L. Caraway

On Pins and Needles: Using Structured Metadata for Collocation and Browsing Capability by Gregory Wool

NESLI MARC Records: An Experiment in Creating MARC Records for E-Journals by Ross MacIntyre

Improving Access to E-Journals and Databases at the MIT Libraries: Building a Database-Backed Web Site Called 'Vera' by Nicole Hennig

The Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek: A Successful Library Service for Electronic Journals in Germany by Evelinde Hutzler and GeraldSchupfner

E is for Everything: The Extra-Ordinary, Evolutionary [e-]Journal
Gerry McKiernan

Don't forget to visit EJI(sm) for The Eclectic Experience

I am most thankful to Bill Cohen, Publisher of Haworth Press, for providing the PDF copy and for his permission to offer free access to the issue.

Gerry McKiernan
Extra-Ordinary Librarian
Iowa State University Library
Ames IA 50011
gerrymck@iastate.edu

Not Cataloging

Apollo 13 and 14 have now been added to the Apollo Image Atlas

With the addition of 584 Apollo 13 images and 1336 Apollo 14 images, the Atlas now has over 10,000 images available for internet browsing.

Comments or suggestions about the Atlas are welcomed, just drop me a note.

Spanish Subject Headings

Oakland Public Library & San Francisco Public Library have combined their Spanish subject heading lists and made them available on the Web.
Currently there are approximately 1500 Spanish subject equivalents. The file is in alphabetical order by the LCSH followed by the OPL Spanish subject and the SFPL Spanish subject. The Spanish subject headings here are primarily those that are not represented in Bilindex. However, there are several that revise or update Bilindex terms or phrases to reflect current or preferred terminology. Due to the limitations of the dBASE program as well as to allow for proper indexing in the local system, all diacritical marks and tildes are omitted from the Spanish terms.
Thanks to Marylaine Block for this listing in Neat New Stuff.

Online Catalogs

This site is very well designed. It has information about each of the national libraries, hours, access, collections and contact information. It is possible to search a particular library or cross search all the collections. The Web design is clear and usable and in several languages.
Gabriel is the World-Wide-Web service covering 41 European national libraries from the 39 countries that are represented in the Conference of European National Librarians (CENL). This multilingual Internet service offers access to consistently structured information about European national libraries, with details about their printed and electronic collections as well as instructions on how to gain access to their online catalogues and services. Information is offered in the most commonly-used European languages, namely English, French and German.
It is available at these sites:
  • The Netherlands
  • United Kingdom
  • Germany
  • Finland
  • Slovenia
  • Wednesday, July 10, 2002

    Information Retrieval

    The new issue of First Monday has the article After the Dot-Bomb: Getting Web Information Retrieval Right This Time by Marcia J. Bates.

    In the excitement of the "dot-com" rush of the 1990's, many Web sites were developed that provided information retrieval capabilities poorly or sub-optimally. Suggestions are made for improvements in the design of Web information retrieval in seven areas. Classifications, ontologies, indexing vocabularies, statistical properties of databases (including the Bradford Distribution), and staff indexing support systems are all discussed.

    This author suggests hiring information professionals. Maybe this idea is catching on.

    Metadata Extraction

    Parser::Citation is a Perl module for extracting reference metadata from scholarly eprint papers.
    Currently, Citation.pm attempts to parse the following metadata from references to other journal papers (it is not good at parsing metadata from references to books, conference proceedings, theses, etc.) :
  • name of the authors
  • name of the first author
  • journal title
  • volume
  • issue or supplement
  • start page
  • year

    Sometimes the title of the referenced paper is also extracted if it is in an easy-to-recognise form (e.g. enclosed in double quotes). These data are sufficient to identify a journal paper uniquely for reference linking purposes.

  • That last line is interesting, they have linked to arXiv.org sucessfully.

    Tuesday, July 09, 2002

    Not Cataloging

    A great article by Janis Ian, the singer, on music downloads, copyright and the music industry. The Internet Debacle: An Alternative View

    Free exposure is practically a thing of the past for entertainers. Getting your record played at radio costs more money than most of us dream of ever earning. Free downloading gives a chance to every do-it-yourselfer out there. Every act that can't get signed to a major, for whatever reason, can reach literally millions of new listeners, enticing them to buy the CD and come to the concerts. Where else can a new act, or one that doesn't have a label deal, get that kind of exposure?

    Taxonomies

    An article in Intelligent Enterprise Managing Spaghetti Content by Philip Russom

    Every content management application demands a well-ordered taxonomy. The challenge is to maintain taxonomy quality as content evolves over time.

    One suggestion is to hire librarians. Excellent idea.

    Bliss Classification

    A new list LIS-BCA is now available via JISCmail. The list is intended as a discussion forum for anyone with an interest in faceted classification and facet analytical theory. It will be also be used to disseminate information about the activities of the Bliss Classification Association.

    Thanks to Library News Daily for this info.

    This 'Blog

    Using Blogrolling I've added links to some standards organizations to the Web page. It seems straightforward. However, if this causes problems in your viewer, please let me know. Also, if there is an organization I've overlooked let me know.

    Monday, July 08, 2002

    URLs in MARC

    The latest issue of the Marcive Newsletter includes a short piece about placing a Uniform Resource Locator in a MARC record. It does include links to other sites and some illustrations.

    Markup

    The Rogue Librarian mentioned a markup standard that was new to me, Model Editions Partnership (MEP)
    This document provides a reasonably non-technical introduction to the SGML-based markup scheme developed by the Model Editions Partnership (MEP) for the production of historical documentary editions in electronic form. The most important element types (or `tags') in the MEP markup system are introduced with examples.

    Reading

    The latest issue of First Monday is out. This issue includes:

  • Electric Symbols: Internet Words And Culture by John Fraim
  • The Next Stage: Moving from Isolated Digital Collections to Interoperable Digital Libraries by Howard Besser
  • The Soundproof Book: Exploration of Rights Conflict and Access to Commercial EBooks for People with Disabilities by George Kerscher and Jim Fruchterman
  • Cave or Community? An Empirical Examination of 100 Mature Open Source Projects by Sandeep Krishnamurthy
  • Open Source Intelligence by Felix Stalder and Jesse Hirsh
  • Censoring the Internet: The Situation in Turkey by Kemal Altintas, Tolga Aydin, and Varol Akman
  • The Place of Law in Cyberspace by David Altheide
  • The Medical Journal Meets the Internet by Charles Curran
  • FM Interviews: Stephanie Mills
  • Book Reviews
  •