Outlines the problem of violence in British public libraries, where incidents commonly involve problem groups from drunks to unruly youths to irate patrons. The problem can be more extreme in US libraries with several librarians being killed, in a country that averages 20 workplace murders each week. Current feelings amongst library staff are of managerial apathy and a reluctance to tackle the problem with appropriate resources. Discusses the reasons for violence and suggests measures that can be employed to reduce the threat and deal with incidents if they occur.
Friday, October 04, 2002
The purpose of archival description is to identify and explain the context and content of archival material in order to promote its accessibility. This is achieved by creating accurate and appropriate representations and by organizing them in accordance with predetermined models. Description-related processes may begin at or before records creation and continue throughout the life of the records. These processes make it possible to institute the intellectual controls necessary for reliable, authentic, meaningful and accessible descriptive records to be carried forward through time.
provide guidelines for cataloging a wide variety of visual materials from photographic prints, negatives, and albums to posters, cartoons, popular and fine prints, and architectural drawings. These rules are a national standard supplement to Chapter 8 of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, which focuses on modern, published audiovisual materials.
Created by Emory University General Libraries, course/control is a reserves management system designed to give instructors as much control over their class reserves as they or the reserves department want.
Posted on /usr/lib/info
Thursday, October 03, 2002
- LC LABELING: AN INDICTMENT by Joan Marshall
- LIBRARIES TO THE PEOPLE! by Sanford Berman
- REFLECTIONS OF A 'HEAD' LIBRARIAN by Reva Landy
- NOTES ON A UTOPIAN INFORMATION SYSTEM by Paul Axel
Wednesday, October 02, 2002
Outlines the process I used to learn a bit about XML, Extensible Markup Language. It is presented here in an effort to share my experiences as well as provide me with the means to articulate what I learned.Topics include:
- rules of markup
- syntax versus semantics
- creating your own markup
- transforming XML through XSLT
- using XML to share bibliographic data
- XML generated from an HTTP server with Cocoon and/or AxKit
- Formatting Objects to create PDF output
- embedding XML in TIFF files
Any comments or questions about the primer should be addressed to myself rbf at psulias.psu.edu rather than to the list.
Robert B. Freeborn
Music/AV Cataloger -
Military Studies Selector
Penn State University Libraries
(814) 865-1755;[Fx] (814) 863-7293
rbf at psulias.psu.edu
I've replaced the @ sign in the e-mail address with "at" to reduce the possibility of spam.--D.B.
Now supported by only one major crawler-based search engine -- Inktomi -- the value of adding meta keywords tags to pages seems little worth the time. In my opinion, the meta keywords tag is dead, dead, dead.
Refers to a 1999 Australian survey which examined a 26 item scale developed regarding three major automated library systems issues, which approved 23 items that represented criteria for the success of automated library systems, and rejection of the remaining three items. The same scale was translated into Farsi in the year 2000 and distributed among 240 library managers and systems librarians in 120 Iranian institutions of higher education. Results of the Iranian survey were acceptance of 24 out of the 26 scale items by university librarians and systems managers, and rejection of two items. The rejected items were not identical in the two studies, and the discrepancies mainly raised by "boundary" issues. However, Australian and Iranian colleagues seem to be identical in their attitudes towards management, technicalities and usage of automated library systems. The scale, so far, has proved to be reliable and valid, at least with 21 of its items.
Tuesday, October 01, 2002
The Texas Library Journal v. 78, no. 3 (Fall 2002) has two articles on portals or virtual libraries. "A Service-Based Approach for Virtual Libraries" by William E. Moen and Kathleen R. Murry provides a theoretical structure to design a virtual library. The service-based approach is broader than a user-base since it includes library staff as well. The article "Designing and Demonstrating a Resource Discovery Service for the Library of Texas" by the same authors provides a concrete example of how the process works. The Library of Texas (LOT) is a cooperative effort of the Texas Center for Digital Knowledge (TxCDK), Texas State Library and Archives Commission (TSLAC), Texas Infrastructure Funding Board (TIF) and TexShare Some very fine work is going on here in Texas.
- What's Become of the Digital Library? - Clifford A. Lynch
- Innovations in Online Learning: Moving Beyond No Significant Difference - Carol A. Twigg
- The Development and Future of the IT World: Higher Education's Role - Douglas Van Houweling
- The New Computing--Revisited - Kenneth C. Green