Saturday, August 16, 2003

Eprints

Does anyone know of an eprint server for music education or fine arts education? My wife is presenting at the AOSA national conference this Fall. I'd like to submit her abstracts to a server, but can't seem to find one. Seems like one needs to be established if none exists.

'Blog

inSilico is a new 'blog devoted to metadata and digital libraries. Not many postings yet, but there are some interesting ones, however, there are many good links. One to watch. Added to my blogroll.

Friday, August 15, 2003

Houston, Texas Area

I've just received notice for the TLA District 8 Fall Conference. I like this conference. It is a good size, I'd guess about 1000 attendees. There are several sessions to choose from each time slot, but not so many that it becomes a chore to make a choice. I get to see folks I went to school with and have worked with over the years. I've never seen a call for papers, nor have I ever been asked to speak, so I can just enjoy the day. If you are in the greater Houston area it is worth the time and effort to attend.

Oct. 4, 2003
Taylor High School - Alief ISD

Dublin Core

The Dublin Core User Guide Committee has recently updated its Glossary which will be linked to the new User Guide. The Committee welcomes comments concerning the terms included prior to the glossary being formally loaded to the Dublin Core Web site. The draft Glossary includes new terms that reflect presentations and discussions of the DC listservs. Feel free to recommend terms not currently in the Glossary that the Dublin Core Community, especially individuals who are new to the metadata community, would find useful.

The Draft Glossary is now available for comment.

Thank you in advance,
Mary Woodley

Posted with permission.

Book Covers

An interesting item appears on LISNews Bonfire of the Dust Jackets. How do we treat dust jackets? Are we tossing important information? Here, at the Lunar and Planetary Institute, if the cover is exceptional or important I cover it in plastic but that is the exception. Only a few each year get that treatment. Maybe something to reconsider.

International

"MARC format and cataloging books in non-Hebrew languages at the University of Haifa Library, Israel" by Adina Zur-Jiji appears in New Library World v. 104, no. 7, p. 286-299.
Reviews the development of cataloging in the Acquisitions-Catalog-Classification Department of the University of Haifa Library against the technological changes that have taken place throughout the world. These changes have strengthened the basic assumption that maximum use should be made of the bibliographic information available from other libraries in Israel and abroad for the university library to become part of the international bibliographic system and in order to save resources. The various stages of the work process are analysed and the role of MARC explained.


Thursday, August 14, 2003

Spyware

I've just found a nifty tool in the battle against spyware, SpywareBlaster. It is free and does not need to be running to provide protection. It uses the "kill bit" to prevent the installation of ActiveX-based spyware from webpages. It does not scan and remove programs, just disable them. Combining this and Spybot should keep my machine free of those nasty programs.

This might be an ideal addition to the machines in public areas.

Old Subject Headings

Another old subject heading I still see often is Antarctic regions. The current heading is Antarctica. The new term is more user friendly. Some records, like this one from LC have both terms in it at once.

010 $a 77601228
100 1 $a Abele, Gunars.
245 13$a An experimental snow runway pavement in Antarctica.
650 0$a Runways (Aeronautics) $z Antarctic regions.
650 0$a Airports $z Antarctica.

Old Digital Information

I've been listening the to the Gershwin Plays Gershwin: The Piano Rolls CD lately and it struck me that paion rolls were a digital format. The paper with the holes punched in it looks much like the punch cards and tapes of the old computers.

Wednesday, August 13, 2003

Search Services

Now available on the Government of Canada's Treasury Board of Canada, Secretariat - Information Management Resource Centre Guidelines for Search Services on Web Sites Government On-Line Metadata Working Group

This document is intended for content producers, system administrators and business managers. It attempts to document best practices for managing search engines, recognizing that the quality of the search result depends on a number of factors.

Recruitment

"Recruiting the cataloguers for tomorrow: the need for succession planning in Ghanaian academic libraries" in Library Management v. 24, no. 6, p. 310-315 (2003)
University libraries, the world over, are continually striving to ensure timely information access and retrieval. Those at the centre of making this mission possible are the cataloguers. However, because of the nature of the work of cataloguers, very few librarians these days ever aspire to this role. What leads them to become a cataloguer is intriguing. This survey attempts to unravel the mystery about the personal characteristics of head cataloguers of Ghana's state-owned university libraries, their continuing professional development and use of information technologies.

Misinformation

Yesterday I read The Creation and Persistence of Misinformation in Shared Library Catalogs by David Bade. Lots to consider. He contends that cost-saving measures and increased bibliographic control have lead to a lack of language and subject knowledge in cataloging departments. This has led to serious mistakes, such as the TOC heading being treated as a series, a page of advertising being used as a title page and other misinformation entering the cataloging record. Mistakes in coding, typos, punctuation do limit access but many are amenable to machine detection and correction. Intellectual errors in assigning subject headings and linguistic errors are much less likely to be so easy to fix. These errors are the kind that can only be corrected by a knowledgeable cataloger with the item in hand.

The short pamphlet is well written, with some humor (abstract and introduction) as well as ire directed at unprofessional cataloging. We should all read this and then take some time to reflect on our cataloging standards.

Tuesday, August 12, 2003

MARC Codes

The 2003 edition of the Marc Code List for Countries is now available from the Library of Congress. This revision of the 2000 edition contains places and their associated two- or three-character lowercase alphabetic codes used in MARC records. Included are individual codes for presently existing national entities, states of the United States, provinces and territories of Canada, divisions of the United Kingdom, and internationally recognized dependencies. References from variant forms are also included. Changes and additions since the previous edition include a new code for East Timor and changes in the codes that reflect jurisdictional changes.

The list includes all valid codes and code assignments as of May 2003 and supersedes the 2000 edition of the MARC Code List for Countries. There are 2 code changes, and 1 addition in this new publication.

MARC Code List for Countries (ISBN 0-8444-1083-7) is available for $20 (North America) and $22 (outside North America)

MARC 21 information, including future additions to the MARC Country Code list are available at the MARC site.

Map Cataloging

Cataloging Sheet Maps: The Basics by Paige G. Andrew received a favorable review in the WAML Information Bulletin v. 34, no. 3 (July, 2003). Have to track it down.
The ASIST site notes this meeting, Information Architecture, February 28-29, 2004, Austin, TX. Nothing beyond the date yet.

Library 'Blogs

My request for folks to think topical when starting a 'blog has paid off. I'm finding they are out there, I just never knew. Mrs. Rabbitt's Bookbag focuses on children's literature and librarianship.

Greg reminded me of the ILL News 'blog. It does focus on Illinois, but many posts are certainly generally useful.

Fall Reading

Library: An Unquiet History is recommended by Ian Fairclough. Some of the chapters treat Antonio Panizzi, Melvil Dewey and Sandy Berman. Looks interesting. Now that I've finished Tarzan at the Earth's Core, I should try something a bit more professional. This might be a good selection for the Librarian's Book Club.

Monday, August 11, 2003

Cataloging Service Bulletin

The Cataloging Distribution Service (CDS) of the Library of Congress is examining alternate ways to deliver the Cataloging Service Bulletin (CSB). Help them decide by taking the survey.

FRBR

The OCLC Research FRBR work-set algorithm is now available.
The research work-set algorithm generates an author/title key for each bibliographic record. These keys can then be used to bring work-sets together. The current algorithm ignores format so that the generated work-sets are sometimes at a higher level than a FRBR work.

Electronic Resources

In The Catalog of the Future: Integrating Electronic Resources Dana M. Caudle discusses possible short-term futures for the catalog in the light of experience at Auburn.

Cataloging Education

"Training cataloguing students using a mix of media and technologies" by Linda M. Cloete, Retha Snyman, and J.C. Cronje appears in Aslib Proceedings v.55, no.4, p. 223-233 (2003)
The appropriateness of utilising a training resource programme consisting of a mix of media and technologies for the training of cataloguing students is evaluated. The findings from reported research and evaluation of the training resource programme made it possible to identify advantages and disadvantages of using such a programme. The results of the research enabled the researcher to derive guidelines for the design and development of a training resource programme consisting of a mix of media and technologies. The use of media and technologies, in a training research programme for cataloguing training, can be utilised in training cataloguing students in contact classes, distance education as well as in-service training.

Semantic Web

Enabling the Semantic Web for Scientific Research And Collaboration by Eric Miller discusses issues of trust, vocabularies, policy in building the semantic Web.
A global ubiquitous information infrastructure is the goal of the Semantic Web. The Semantic Web is the natural evolution of Web technology. It brings richer, more descriptive data to the current Web, which can be used more effectively by software and applications - making people more productive. The successful realization of such an infrastructure will be supported by a science of information management that will yield new generations of knowledge environments.