Saturday, May 08, 2004

Easy News Topics

Does anyone know of any tools to create, read or distribute ENT metadata? This standard for including metadata in an RSS feed seems so right but it has been more than a year since it was announced and I still see no tools available.

This 'Blog

Minor change, I've added an RSS feed for the Currently Reading list provided by All Consuming. If anyone really cares what I'm reading now you can get it in your news reader.

I've also added a link at the very bottom to Second Spin, an on-line used CD store. I've had good luck with them and get a small kick-back if anyone makes a purchase after clicking through on that link. Not enough to change my lifestyle. If anyone is offended by this let me know, I try to be a reasonable person.

Bibliographics

Kalyane, V. L. and Kadam, S. N. (2001) Transforming Bibliographic Data Bases into Bibliographics. KELPRO Bulletin 5(1):pp. 1-12. "MEDLINE Data Base was search for Accidents and Trauma and retrived records were bibliometrically analysed." They were presented as graphs showing visually information contained in the record.

Taxonomies

Overcoming Information Overload by Jeff Phillips and Christine Klima, appears in the May issue of Transform Magazine.
Taxonomies organize your information for more efficient retrieval and better topic insight. Here's how to choose the best approach to building a better taxonomy.
Seen in ShelfLife

OAI

The Case for OAI in the Age of Google discuesses why e-print serves are not used more often. The recent posting here about E-LIS and dLIST, digital repositories for library science, that combined have only about 1000 items is a very good example.
Why don't more faculty deposit their eprints in open-access, OAI-compliant (OA-OAI) archives? This is a mystery. Two explanations we can rule out right away are opposition to open access and opposition to OAI metadata sharing. These never come up when faculty are asked about their archiving inertia, which only makes the mystery even more puzzling.

Friday, May 07, 2004

Open Source

The Dynix Institute's next offering is James LaRue: Open Source, Open Minds May 12, 2004, 8 AM to 9 AM Pacific.
The Open Source model of collaborative software development, building on the work of others, is a close match to the culture of the library. This session will discuss the uses and advantages of Open Source server and desktop applications on Windows, Mac OS, and Linux platforms.
Registration required. The book The Cathedral & the Bazaar was a real eye-opener. I kept thinking "YES." I find much of the thought in the open source community to be closely aligned to my personal understanding of libraries.

Classification

Dynamic and hierarchical classification of Web pages by Ben Choi; Xiaogang Peng appears in Online Information Review (2004) v. 28, no. 2, pp. 139-147.
Automatic classification of Web pages is an effective way to organise the vast amount of information and to assist in retrieving relevant information from the Internet. Although many automatic classification systems have been proposed, most of them ignore the conflict between the fixed number of categories and the growing number of Web pages being added into the systems. They also require searching through all existing categories to make any classification. This article proposes a dynamic and hierarchical classification system that is capable of adding new categories as required, organising the Web pages into a tree structure, and classifying Web pages by searching through only one path of the tree. The proposed single-path search technique reduces the search complexity from (n) to (log(n)). Test results show that the system improves the accuracy of classification by 6 percent in comparison to related systems. The dynamic-category expansion technique also achieves satisfying results for adding new categories into the system as required.

Thursday, May 06, 2004

E-LIS

In the past I've mentioned dLIST, Digital Library of Information Science and Technology. Here is the current scope of the dLIST collection:
Researchers and practitioners in LIS and IT create a wealth of content not limited to formal papers. To capture this wealth of information and create a library that is as useful as possible, DLIST will contain materials will include a variety of formats. These will include but not be limited to:
  • Published and unpublished papers
  • Data sets
  • Instructional and help
  • materials
  • Pathfinders
  • Reports
  • Bibliographies
At this time, DLIST is only able to accept materials in English.
The E-profile by Gerry McKiernan in the recent Library Hi Tech News brought E-LIS, E-Prints in Library and Information Science, to my attention. They describe their service as:
E-LIS is an open access archive for scientific or technical documents, published or unpublished, on Librarianship, Information Science and Technology, and related application activities. E-LIS archive's goal is to promote communication in this field by the rapid dissemination of papers.
There seems to be some overlap. One nice feature in E-LIS is the ability to receive notices of new papers in a general area via e-mail. This would be a natural for an RSS feed, maybe later. E-LIS currently has over 800 papers, while dLIST has only about 100 items.

Cataloging DVDs

I've mentioned OLAC's guidelines for cataloging DVD'd in the past. Guide to Cataloging DVDs Using AACR2r Chapters 7 and 9 created by the DVD Cataloging Task Force, Cataloging Policy Committee, Online Audiovisual Catalogers, Inc. I just found a nice short guide, DVD Cataloging : MARC Fielding Quick Reference at Brown University. Worth a bookmark if you only get an occasional DVD across your workspace and could use a quick refresher.

N.B. As the comment by Glen points out, coding for 007 has changed since this quick guide was posted. That can be a problem with any documentation, it can be correct when written, but no longer current. Use with caution. Thanks Glen.

Topic Maps

Topic Maps are something I find difficult to grasp. That, is seems, is because they are very different from our normal approach in cataloging. In cataloging (and RDF) a resource is described by using a collection of defined fields (or triples). As I begin to understand Topic Maps it seems the attributes are described and the resource description is built from different collections of topics. This could be all wrong, it is just as I get it at the moment

Here is a How to Topic Maps, Sir! provides an introduction.

Think of the topics and associations as stand-alone objects that have small bits of data attached to them. For those who are in the deep end of object-oriented programming may think "Hey, wait a minute! This is nothing but a tree structure with various properties attached to the nodes." And you would be absolutely correct in that. That is what it is, with certain names and labels attached in clever ways. No magic. No smoke and mirrors. Just a nice little data model with some rather clever ideas and rules through it. Welcome to Topic Maps.

Wednesday, May 05, 2004

Physical Science RSS Feeds

PSIGate has recently added RSS feeds for the new records they add to their collection. There are feeds for each subject (astronomy, chemistry, earth sciences, physics, policy and materials), plus a feed if you want to keep up with the latest additions regardless of subject.

PSIgate (Physical Sciences Information Gateway), part of the Resource Discovery Network, selects and annotates quality Web resources in the physical sciences. EEVL (the RDN hub for engineering, math and computer science) has been offering RSS feeds for their new additions for some time.

Lunar and Planetary Information Bulletin

Issue 98 of the Lunar and Planetary Information Bulletin is now available on the LPI's Web site.

Features in Issue 98 include

  • Titan - International Moon of Mystery
  • Highlights from recent scientific meetings, including the 35th LPSC
  • Spotlight on E/PO Broker/Facilitator activities
  • "In Memoriam," featuring tributes to Robert Walker, William Pickering, and Joseph Chamberlain
  • "Save the Saturn V"
  • New and noteworthy products of interest to the community
  • Meeting calendar
  • Order form for products available through the LPI
If anyone from a CONSER library is reading this, the print version has ended. Now there will only be the on-line version. I'd appreciate it if the record was changed.

Tag of the Month

This month the tag of the month at Follett is MARC Record Sample Alternative Title (Book). It shows the 246 field being used. I'd have liked to have seen it used more than once for different reasons. I know I have records with a spine title, cover title and part of the title each with a separate 246.

IL & SC

The Lunar and Planetary Institute is planning to do train-the-trainer workshops on the Explore! Fun With Science program. Any readers with who could help get this to happen in August thru October of this year please drop me a line.

Protecting Machines Part 2

I neglected to point to the free virus checker, AVG. This is only free for home users. They do offer discounts to non-profits on their paid product. It's worth asking.

I also neglected to mention a firewall. Win XP comes with one, if you have that system make sure to turn it on. The default setting is off. A better option is to download the free version of Zone Alarm.

Tuesday, May 04, 2004

Protecting Machines

The previous entry reminded me of just how much trouble it is to protect machines now. Installing and updating a virus checker and patching the OS is no longer enough. Now there is spyware to consider. Most virus checkers will not catch this because it is not a virus. It is watching your surfing and directing ads your way. To prevent this download and run either Spybot Search and Destroy or Ad-aware. Both are free.


Another hack not detected by virus checkers is a rootkit. Rootkits can hide files and running processes, and in this way provide a backdoor to the machine. The book Exploiting Software : How to Break Code by Greg Hoglund and Gary McGraw provides a good introduction.

RPC Doom Virus

I had a note informing me that someone got an RPC Doom Virus alert when visiting this page. I don't get one nor do I see anything wrong in the code. Anyone else getting the alert?

Monday, May 03, 2004

Cataloging at Home

Six Steps to LCC@Home by Kendall Grant Clark continues his series on cataloging a home collection.

Scout Portal Toolk

SPT version 1.2.3 has been released, and is now available for download on the Scout web site.

Highlights of this release include:

  • new interface for assigning controlled names and tree fields in Metadata Tool for fields with less than 250 entries
  • improved handling of diacritics (Unicode)
  • importing users now supports user privileges
  • added new "Personal Resource Administrator" user privilege flag that only allows entering new resources and editing resources you have entered
  • new DateOfRecordRelease field
  • and various minor bug fixes, including fixes for the many warnings revealed by the PHP E_NOTICE error reporting level.

FOAF

FOAF : Using open standards to support community building by Brian Kelly appears in the latest issue of Ariadne. FOAF is an interesting concept and can provide one level of Web structure.
This article has sought to describe FOAF and outline its potential, in particular for use to support community building at events. At the presentation of the paper "Using FOAF to Support Community Building" at the IADIS Web-Based Collaboration conference in March 2004, I proposed that its future conferences should seek to encourage use of FOAF to support community building across delegates. This suggestion was accepted by the conference organisers and we will consider how to implement it.

Following this initial acceptance of FOAF's potential, participants at the annual Institutional Web Management Workshop event, (to be held at the University of Birmingham, 27-29 July 2004), will have an opportunity to use FOAF. A page providing information on how to get involved in the use of FOAF at the workshop has been created.

In the UK it is possible to receive FOAF metadata on ones' mobile phone via Plink. I personally feel the term "friend" is a bit vague and like the richer terms provided by XFN. Maybe this will change in time. Maybe some library conferences will experiment with using FOAF to connect like minded folks, it would only be an experiment at this stage.

MP3s

I never imagined that the site MP3.com would disappear, it seemed such a natural idea. But it did. Now GarageBand.com has filled the void.

I've moved Cora's band, Permanent Wave, info and MP3s over to the new site. This is a great place to get new music, free legal downloads. Maybe this site will have more staying power.

Sunday, May 02, 2004

CDML

Here is the opportunity to get in on the ground floor of constructing an XML markup language. "CDML is intended to be a method of describing a contra dance (or other, similarly structured, folk dances) in a form that can be read and written by both humans and machines." Presently there is only an e-mail discussion going on. When you aren't dancing you can be working on dance geek. What could be better?