Friday, November 19, 2004

Just for Fun

Just for fun, and because it is so simple to do, I've created a Catalogablog tool bar. Download the Catalogablog toolbar. Hope everyone has an easy trip back from Internet Librarian. And I hope the folks who took our Explore! Fun With Science training this past week in South Carolina found it worthwhile.

Open Source

The Open Source Software and Libraries Bibliography compiled by Brenda Chawner has been updated.
it includes announcements, journal articles, and web documents that are about open source software development in libraries. It also includes articles that describe specific open source applications used in libraries, in particular dSpace, Koha, Greenstone, and MyLibrary.
The bibliography is also available in an EndNote format. Nice. Thanks. Seen on LISNews.

MARC to Dublin Core Converter

MARC::Crosswalk::DublinCore is now available on CPAN.

It includes methods to convert MARC records to both simple and qualified Dublin Core. Future plans include doing a reverse crosswalk (DC->MARC) and having the sample program (marc2dc) return DC/XML output rather than an ad-hoc text format.

There are other tools for this task, MarcEdit for example. It is nice to have a choice and find the best one for the work needed.

Thursday, November 18, 2004

LC Strategic Plan

The Bibliographic Access Divisions at the Library of Congress have issued a new strategic plan for the fiscal years 2005 and 2006 (October 1, 2004 through September 30, 2006). The plan is available on the Bibliographic Access Divisions public Web page.

Wednesday, November 17, 2004

SPAM

Looks interesting. Spam kings by Brian McWilliams.
The book sheds light on the technical sleight-of-hand--forged headers, open relays, harvesting tools, and bulletproof hosting--and other sleazy business practices that spammers use; the work of top anti-spam attorneys; the surprising new partnership developing between spammers and computer hackers; and the rise of a new breed of computer viruses designed to turn the PCs of innocent bystanders into secret spam factories.

LC Cataloging Newsline

The latest issue of LCCN includes:
  • Library Services Realignment
  • IFLA Meeting of Experts on an International Cataloging Code
  • Carolyn R. Sturtevant Appointed BIBCO Coordinator
  • Eve Dickey Appointed Team Leader in Decimal Classification Division
  • Basic Subject Cataloging Using LCSH: New Workshop
  • Reser and Greenberg Address LC Conference Forum in Orlando
  • A Treasured Legacy
  • LC Plan to Accommodate 13-Digit ISBN

Metadata

Medeiros, Norm (2004) Repurposed metadata : ONIX and the Library of Congress' BEAT Program. OCLC Systems & Services 20(3):pp. 93-95.
This article reviews the ONIX-based efforts of the Library of Congress' Bibliographic Enrichment Advisory Team (BEAT). The article describes BEAT's table of contents, publisher description, and sample text initiatives, and the ways libraries and their patrons can benefit from these efforts.
OK, so LC is using ONIX metadata. Does anyone else have access to it and use it? Seems to me the publishers are viewing it as proprietary information and not making it widely available.

Tuesday, November 16, 2004

MARC Code Lists

Additions to the MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions

The code listed below has been recently approved for use in MARC 21 records. The new code will be added to the online MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions. The new code should not be used in exchange records until after January 15, 2004. This 60-day waiting period is required to provide MARC 21 implementers with time to include the newly defined code in any validation tables they may apply to the MARC fields where the code is used.

Addition:

    mar - Merenkulun asiasanasto = MariTerm (Maritime technology) (subfield $2 in Bibliographic and Community Information records in fields 600-651, 655-658 and field 040, subfield $f (Cataloging Source / Subject heading/thesaurus conventions) in Authority records)

Metadata

Toward a Metadata Generation Framework: A Case Study at Johns Hopkins University by Mark Patton, David Reynolds, G. Sayeed Choudhury, and Tim DiLauro appears in D-Lib Magazine (November 2004) v. 10, no. 11
In an effort to explore the potential for automating metadata generation, the Digital Knowledge Center (DKC) of the Sheridan Libraries at The Johns Hopkins University developed and tested an automated name authority control (ANAC) tool. ANAC represents a component of a digital workflow management system developed in connection with the digital Lester S. Levy Collection of Sheet Music.

Open Source ILS

PMB, now at version 1.3, is a French ILS project, based on PHP/MySQL, which runs under Windows, Linux, MacOS X. Developed in French, the project has a very active users community. Although PMB supports an easy translation, there are still parts which remain to translate. A demo is available. Adapted from a notice on OSS4lib.

Koha 2.2.0RC1 is out. The RC means release candidate This version is in the stable tree of Koha, but still evaluated as "Release Candidate". A few bugs are still known or have to be found, maybe by you. But it's stable enough to be used in production.

Monday, November 15, 2004

Online Lunar Maps

Out of scope, but I have to mention the work done by my co-workers. The Lunar Topographic Orthophotomap (LTO) Series are now online. There will be change to the website over the next several weeks. Currently, the last image option available is the "click here to request a high-res image (Requires JPEG 2000 viewer)" We will be replacing this line with a direct link to the JPEG 2000 map image. The Web team will be replacing the link at the rate of 5-10 per day depending on the internet traffic.

The Lunar Photo of the Day gives the work a glowing review.

Once again, quietly and without fanfare, the Lunar & Planetary Institute has delivered a magnificent collection of rare lunar maps for our daily use. The Lunar Topographic Orthophotomaps - the absolutely best lunar maps ever map - are 1:250,000 scale Apollo Metric photos overprinted with accurate topographic contours at 100 m vertical intervals. LPI has released digitized versions of 215 LTOs at 4 resolutions: a browse image; a 72 dpi, 2.7 MB image; a 150 dpi, 10 MB image; and a high res image that is so big you have to request LPI puts it on a ftp server for you. I browsed through many images (and already downloaded 3 of the 150 dpi ones - I need that res to read all the contours) to remind myself of what they show. At the top left corner of the index map shown above is a small piece of 41-A4 map of the Beer and Feuille area southwest of Archimedes that gives a degraded view of the large scale and contour density. As the coverage map shows, only the areas under the Apollo 15, 16 and 17 flight paths had stereo coverage allowing topography to be derived by photogrammetry. But this area includes many interesting features, including the rugged dome Cauchy Tau, which is seen to be 342 m high, quite a bit taller than the previous best estimate of 149 m derived from the less accurate photometric method. Most of these LTO maps were published in 1974, so 30 years later, enjoy them and thank LPI for their tremendous effort in digitizing and placing these treasures online!

Government Documents

Your help is needed by the GODORT Notable Document Panel in not only publicizing but also acknowledging outstanding government information through the annual article in Library Journal.

Just take a few minutes between now and December 31, 2004 to nominate publications from any level of government---state and local, federal, international, intergovernmental organization, foreign government or material published on behalf of a governmental agency by a commercial publisher---for an award. Please only consider materials published in 2002 and 2003 but these can be in any format---websites, CDs, books, maps, audio-visuals, or microfiche. Agencies and publishers are encouraged to nominate their best titles.

The nomination form is available.

A short history of the program is available.

Each year the panel selects approximately 30 notable documents from the list of nominations. These are then featured in the May 15, 2004 issue of Library Journal. Our purpose is to publicize government documents to the broader library community, to honor the agencies and staff responsible for these wonderful documents or web sites, to create a selection tool available to all types of libraries, and to publicize the work of GODORT. The production and distribution of government information widely and in a timely manner remains of critical importance to us all.

Please contact the Panel Chair, Linda Johnson, if you need additional information or have questions. Thank you in advance for your participation in this important effort.

Linda B. Johnson
Head Government Documents Department
Dimond Library
18 Library Way
University of New Hampshire
Durham, New Hampshire 03824
phone: 603-862-2453
fax: 603-862-0247
linda@cisunix.unh.edu

NACO Normalization

New at CPAN, Text::Normalize::NACO - Normalize text based on the NACO rules.

Dublin Core

A new version - 0.2(beta)- of Dublin Core Services/Describethis has been published. This new version, as main feature, brings us an automatic generator of keywords: DCS incorporates now a dictionary of 5300 words in 11 different languages, included Catalan, Portuguese, Russian, Arabic, Italian, among others, that permits to recognize and generate keywords automatically. The system applies analitic algorithms to find the best terms that better describe a given resource. The new terms generated are added to the ones already included in the document, although these are marked visually to avoid confusions with the terms proposed by the own authors. In the case of the HTML documents that do not have included these type of metadata, the list of generated keywords can be used as a guide and a valid proposal for the publishers and authors of these contents.

Texadata

Texadata discusses cataloging, metadata, and resource description issues for scholarly digital resources. Other topics of interest include academic libraries, digital libraries, epistemology, semantics, and trends in scholarly communication.

An interesting blog. Most recent post was about standards for digitizing still images. A neighbor too, from here in Texas, at Texas A&M.

XTech

Some interesting themes at the upcoming XTech Conference.
The second of the new tracks is called Open Data. Increasingly more information owners are choosing to be an active part of the web, rather than just hosting HTML pages. Some of the highest profile commercial examples of this has been Amazon and Google's web services.

Opening up data encourages its creative re-use, empowers citizens and creates new commercial opportunities. Governments, not-for-profit institutions, academia as well as commercial organisations are all experimenting with open data. Open Data is embodied by movements such as Creative Commons, OAI and Open Access.

At an individual level, exciting open data developments are happening through technologies such as blogging and social networking applications that choose not to lock in their data. Think FOAF, RSS, semantic web, Flickr and del.icio.us. The Open Data track will look at the technology, policy and commercial issues involved in opening up data on the web.

I hope some European librarians are able to attend and present papers. We have a lot to share with the computer folks.