From 1972 until the adoption of USMARC as the national standard in 1991, Australia had its own MARC specification, AUSMARC, that included more specific country codes for states and territories. The National Library of Australia has continued to use these more specific codes in its national bibliographic database for the ability to retrieve data by state and territory jurisdiction.
Codes are available at this level for similar jurisdictions in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.
The following new codes are defined for Australian states and territories and will be included in the next edition of the MARC Code List for Countries.
- New code Place nameaca Australian Capital Territoryxga Coral Sea Islands Territoryxna New South Walesxoa Northern Territoryqea Queenslandxra South Australiatma Tasmaniavra Victoriawea Western Australia
- New code Place nameu-atc Central Australiau-ate Eastern Australiau-atn Northern Australia
Subscribers can anticipate receiving MARC records reflecting these changes in all distribution services no earlier than September 12, 2005.