Wednesday, March 15, 2006

OAI Capture by Search Engines

Search Engine Coverage of the OAI-PMH Corpus by Frank McCown, Xiaoming Liu, Michael L. Nelson, and Mohammad Zubair has been submitted to IEEE Internet Computing.
The major search engines are competing to index as much of the Web as possible. Having indexed much of the surface Web, search engines are now using a variety of approaches to index the deep Web. At the same time, institutional repositories and digital libraries are adopting the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) to expose their holdings, some of which are indexed by search engines and some of which are not. To determine how much of the current OAI-PMH corpus search engines index, we harvested nearly 10M records from 776 OAI-PMH repositories. From these records we extracted 3.3M unique resource identifiers and then conducted searches on samples from this collection. Of this OAI-PMH corpus, Yahoo indexed 65%, followed by Google (44%) and MSN (7%). Twenty-one percent of the resources were not indexed by any of the three search engines.

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