Friday, August 11, 2006

Ontologies and the Web

Martinez Usero, Jose Angel and Beltran Orenes, Maria Pilar (2005) Ontologies in the context of knowledge organization and interoperability in e-government services. In Proceedings IRFD World Forum on Information Society 2005, Tunis (Tunisia).
A philosophical and technical approach of the concept of ontology is introduced and the importance of ontologies to structure, manage and retrieve the knowledge of different scientific fields and various political and social contexts is enhanced. The tools related to ontology management and the languages used for ontology creation are revised. In particular, an identification of the web-based ontology mark-up languages that contribute to knowledge representation and organization in this electronic and hypertextual environment, such as DAML+OIL, OWL and OML, is carried out. Finally, ontologies are presented as the basis for semantic web development and as a tool to guarantee information interoperability in e-government services. In this sense, some examples of initiatives for ontology application in electronic public services are provided.

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