Friday, September 29, 2006

Addition to the MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions

The code listed below has been recently approved for use in MARC 21 records. The code will be added to the online MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions.

The code should not be used in exchange records until after November 29, 2006. This 60-day waiting period is required to provide MARC 21 implementers time to include newly defined codes in any validation tables they may apply to the MARC fields where the codes are used. Other Sources

The following code is for use in subfield $a in field 042 (Authentication Code) in Authority and Bibliographic records.


British Library derived cataloging [use only after November 29, 2006]

Rights and Access

The Lunar E-Library is a good idea gone wrong. From their announcement it looks like all the full-text material is copyright free.
This DVD knowledgebase contains 1100 (.PDF) items with an emphasis on documents produced during the Apollo/Saturn era. Full text is available for 870 documents, and abstracts with source information are included for 230 documents that are copyrighted or limited distribution materials.
However, since they did not use open source or free software there is a software agreement that limits the distribution to NASA centers and NASA contractors in the US. If they had used Greenstone, or something like it, it could have been freely distributed. All that work, with so little to show for it. A shame. They should have asked someone at their library.

Thursday, September 28, 2006

Updated MODS User Guidelines

LC has made available a revision of the MODS user guidelines to include the new elements in version 3.2.

The major changes are:

  1. Addition of 3 attributes to location url (note, access, usage)
  2. Addition of 2 enumerated values to physicalDescription digitalOrigin
    (digitized microfile, digitized other analog)
  3. Addition of 3 attributes under part (ID, type, order)
  4. Addition of subelement genre under subject

Movers & Shakers

It's that time of year again: The editors of Library Journal need your help in identifying the emerging leaders in the library world. The sixth annual Movers & Shakers supplement will profile 50-plus up-and-coming individuals from across the United States and Canada who are innovative, creative, and making a difference. From librarians to vendors to others who work in the library field, Movers & Shakers 2007 will celebrate the new professionals who are moving our libraries ahead. The deadline for submissions is November 1, 2006. Use the online form or, if you prefer, print out the PDF and return it to Ann Kim at LJ, 360 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010, or fax to 646-746-6734.

Online Information Retrieval

JavaScript tools for online information retrieval by Gamage, Ruwan and Dong, Hui (2006).
JavaScript has a comparatively long history as an online information retrieval tool. During the last decade SilverPlatter's popular WebSPIRS 4.0 started using JavaScript for its search functions. International Children's Digital Library is a current system that applies JavaScript for category based information retrieval. However, JavaScript capabilities for quick browsing and searching small collections is under utilized in light of advanced server-side technologies. Focussing on search engines using data arrays in scripts, this paper tries to justify one possible reason behind this - high response time for the starting search. To cope up with the situation, the paper introduces a model for interface design. Also it reveals that the script search is superior to server side techniques in terms to response time, when the user's session is several searches long.

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

SRU Record Update

Get your comments in by October 10 concerning the draft of the SRU Record Update.
The Record Update service allows for remote maintenance from and administration of records within a compliant database. It has a simple and extensible mechanism for this, a single request/response pair that allows for creation, replacing and deleting records and metadata about those records.

The need for such a protocol has been expressed by several groups, but may benefit many. In particular, it is required for datasets which are maintained by distributed collaboration and contribution such as union catalogues, local history databases, book review databases and so on. Going further, it also allows many clients to be created for one service rather than a very tightly linked client/server relationship.

Although the protocol is being developed under the SRU 'umbrella', there is no need to implement SRU. It would be perfectly feasible to implement Record Update in order to maintain a database served only via OAI, or only via a proprietary HTML interface. To contrast OAI and record update, OAI is a pull mechanism to update databases and is used generally for scheduled batch processing, while record update is a push mechanism intended for more interactive use.

Tuesday, September 26, 2006

Web Services in the Library

New from NISO, Best Practices for Designing Web Services in the Library Context.
This paper has given an overview of the issues involved in implementing and designing web services that may be of use in the library environment. As web services become a more common tool for communication between applications, unforeseen library-specific uses may arise. The intent of this paper is to explain briefly some of the decisions involved in finding, designing, implementing, and using web services

Cataloging Errors

A catalogue of errors: Libraries' missing millions by Marc Abrahams appeared in the Tuesday September 26, 2006 issue of The Guardian.
How many books written in seemingly obscure languages are misfiled and languishing unfindable in libraries? Joyce Flynn's experience at Harvard suggests the answer is: a lot.
Seen on Libtypos-L as posted by Jeffrey.

Avanti MircoLCS

Avanti MircoLCS version 1.0.1 is now available. MicroLCS is an OPAC and cataloging system written in Java. Version 1.0.1 includes a complete User Guide and a simplified install procedure for Windows, among other tweaks and improvements.

MicroLCS can be downloaded from the project website.

Monday, September 25, 2006

Web 2.0 Audio

A nice group of MP3 files discussing Web 2.0 in the context of chemistry from the recent ACS meeting in Atlanta.
  • Social software: What, why, and how? / Beth Thomsett-Scott
  • Weaving the Web 2.0: RSS and the future of chemical/science information / Teri M. Vogel
  • Innovative methods of course delivery in Chemical Informatics and Chemistry / Brian Maurice Lynch Lai Im Lancaster
  • Open access and blogging: How academic research is transforming / Barbara A Greenman
  • On the go with CHM 125, ECON 210, PHYS 218, and BIOL 205: Coursecasting at a large research university / Jeremy R Garritano David B. Eisert
  • Blog applications in the classroom and beyond / Randy Reichardt
  • Wikipedia: Social revolution or information disaster? / Martin A. Walker
  • A case study: ACS BIOT web seminars / Jonathan L. Coffman

Merrill's Classification Code

A Code for Classifiers: Whatever Happened to Merrill's Code? by Coleman, Anita Sundaram (2004)
This is a preprint of the article published in Knowledge Organization 31 (3): 161-176. The work titled "Code for Classifiers" by William Stetson Merrill is examined. The development of Merrill's Code over a period of 27 years, 1912-1939 is traced by examining bibliographic, attribution, conceptual and contextual differences. The general principles advocated, the differences between variants, and three controversial features of the Code: 1) the distinction between classifying vs. classification, 2) borrowing of the bibliographic principle of authorial intention, and 3) use of Dewey Decimal class numbers for classified sequence of topics, are also discussed. The paper reveals the importance of the Code in its own time, the complexities of its presentation and assessment by its contemporaries, and it's status today.

Image Rights Metadata

Creative Commons has announced enhancements to a tool for embedding rights metadata in image files.
A couple weeks ago we announced a Java tool for embedding XMP metadata in PDFs. Now Jon Phillips has taken the pjmt PHP library and wrapped it with simple command line an library methods for embedding XMP metadata in JPEG image files. Obviously this would be useful for integration with web-based photo sites. Get the code from the xmp/jpeg-php module of the cctools subversion repository on sourceforge.

Also see our XMP overview page.

OpenURL Referrer Extension for Firefox

Version 2.1 of OCLC Openly Informatics' OpenURL Referrer Extension for Firefox has been released. It adds support for Google News Archive. This is free and available for download. The documentation also shows support for Google Scholar and COinS.