Friday, October 17, 2008

OAI-ORE Specifications and Implementation Documents

The production versions of the OAI-ORE specifications and implementation documents are now available to the public, with a table of contents page. This public release is the culmination of several months of testing and review of initial alpha and beta releases. The participation and feedback from the wider OAI-ORE community, especially the OAI-ORE technical committee, was instrumental to the process leading up to this production release.

The documents in the release describe a data model to introduce aggregations as resources with URIs on the web. They also detail the machine-readable descriptions of aggregations expressed in the popular Atom syndication format, in RDF/XML, and RDFa. The documents included in the release are:

  • ORE User Guide Documents
    • Primer
    • Resource Map Implementation in Atom
    • Resource Map Implementation in RDF/XML
    • Resource Map Implementation in RDFa
    • HTTP Implementation
    • Resource Map Discovery
  • ORE Specification Documents
    • Abstract Data Model
    • Vocabulary

International Authority Data Number

"The IFLA Working Group on Functional Requirements and Numbering of Authority Records (FRANAR) is pleased to announce the availability on IFLANET of a paper titled "A Review of the Feasibility of an International Authority Data Number (ISADN)". Prepared for the Working Group by Dr. Barbara B. Tillett, the paper has now been approved by the IFLA Cataloguing Section Standing Committee and is thus being made available via IFLANET."


The technical specification RDFa in XHTML Syntax and Processing was formally accepted as a Web Consortium Technical Recommendation by W3C Director Tim Berners-Lee.
The current Web is primarily made up of an enormous number of documents that have been created using HTML. These documents contain significant amounts of structured data, which is largely unavailable to tools and applications. When publishers can express this data more completely, and when tools can read it, a new world of user functionality becomes available, letting users transfer structured data between applications and web sites, and allowing browsing applications to improve the user experience: an event on a web page can be directly imported into a user's desktop calendar; a license on a document can be detected so that users can be informed of their rights automatically; a photo's creator, camera setting information, resolution, location and topic can be published as easily as the original photo itself, enabling structured search and sharing.

RDFa is a specification for attributes to express structured data in any markup language. This document specifies how to use RDFa with XHTML.

eXtensible Catalog Project

The eXtensible Catalog Project has announced that they have launched their new website.
This new website will be the main vehicle for distributing our open-source software once it is released in 2009. In the mean time, the website contains a wealth of information regarding the project, including publications, an overview of the software we are developing and the technologies that software will use, and a blog that has already been in use.

American Libraries

Some news from American Libraries.
  1. Our weekly e-newsletter, American Libraries Direct, is now available to anyone who wants to sign up for it, not just ALA members. There is a sign-up form, as well as the FAQ.
  2. American Libraries has launched its own blog, AL Inside Scoop. Editor-in-chief Leonard Kniffel offers an insider’s view of goings-on at ALA headquarters and what hot topics ALA staffers are talking about in the hallways. Associate Editor Greg Landgraf offers his perspective from "the lower floors" of what many see as the ALA ivory tower.
  3. Login is no longer required to view the current issue of the American Libraries print magazine online (in PDF format), or to view the archives, which date back to the January 2003 issue. First-time viewers will need to install the ebrary reader to view issues. Firefox 3 users installing the reader for the first time will need a workaround, to make the ebrary reader work with their browser.

Wednesday, October 15, 2008

Topic Maps

Steve Pepper has written an article on Topic Maps for the 3rd edition of the Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences. "This article provides a comprehensive treatment of the core concepts, in addition to the background and current status of the standard, its relationship to traditional knowledge organization techniques, and examples of the kinds of applications for which it is being used."

Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Open Office and BitTorrent

Open Office 3.0 is released today. It is also Open Access Day, nice fit there. But don't bother to try to download it now, the servers are overwelmed. You can grab it using BitTorrent. A nice P2P tool that is for more than stealing movies.
BitTorrent is a P2P method where a central 'tracker' keeps track of who is downloading and sharing specific files.

When using BitTorrent to download, your computer automatically uses spare bandwidth to help share the file with others, and this means that you don't have to put up with slower downloads during peak download times (such as just after a release), because the more people downloading, the more people sharing.

Also, your download is automatically checked for integrity to make sure that it is identical to the official version.

To use BitTorrent technology, you must have a BitTorrent "client" installed.

Monday, October 13, 2008

Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records

Renear, Allen H. and Dubin, David (2007) Three of the Four FRBR Group 1 Entity Types are Roles, not Types. In Grove, Andrew, Eds. Proceedings 70th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIST) 44, Milwaukee, WI (US).
We examine the conceptual model of the "bibliographic universe" presented in IFLA's Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) and argue, applying ontology design recommendations proposed by N. Guarino and C. Welty, that three of the four Group 1 entity types might be more accurately conceptualized as roles.

Sunday, October 12, 2008

Off Topic: Timeline Tool

Does anyone know of a free/cheap tool to create a timeline for history? Must be able to handle BCE dates. Thanks