Friday, August 01, 2003

Librarians Book Club

The The Island of Lost Maps is the August selection from the Librarians Book Club.


Jason Cupp reminds me of the GML (Geography Markup Language) by OGC (Open GIS Consortium).
OpenGIS is a Registered Trademark of the Open GIS Consortium, Inc (OGC) and is the brand name associated with the Specifications and documents produced by the Open GIS Consortium, Inc (OGC). OpenGIS specifications are developed in a consensus process supported by OGC industry, government and academic members to enable geoprocessing technologies to interoperate, or "plug and play". You will also find the OpenGIS trademark associated with products that implement or conform to our specifications. Make sure that your geoprocessing and location services procurement and technology development programs demand OpenGIS specifications!


NISO now has a streamlined registration process.
The Registration Process complements and extends the formal consensus process that NISO supports. By offering a lighter-weight review and accreditation NISO intends to support the work of organizations and communities that are developing new practices in evolving information services. NISO Registrations will also introduce the NISO community to emerging specifications of potential interest and build broader acceptance and recognition of emerging practices by a larger community of implementers.

Thursday, July 31, 2003

Information Retrieval

Synchronised Object Retrieval: the enhancement of information retrieval performance in multimedia environments using synchronisation protocols by Peter Brophy appears in Information Research, v. 8 no. 4 (July 2003).
The retrieval of objects from within collections of multimedia presentations poses a number of problems but also offers opportunities for enhancing retrieval performance, by utilising information about the relationships between objects. This paper is concerned with the theoretical possibility of using the synchronisation information contained in SMIL-compliant multimedia presentations to retrieve objects which may either lack appropriate metadata or where the metadata is insufficient to enable reliable retrieval. It suggests that the synchronicity of display of objects could be used to infer their content and that this would provide possibilities for enhancement of retrieval performance. It further suggests how this process might be achieved and recommends that an experimental collection of SMIL-compliant presentations needs to be established to enable experimental work to be undertaken.


"Metadata mayhem: cataloguing electronic resources in the National Library of New Zealand" by Chris Todd appears in The Electronic Library v. 21, no. 3 (2003)
This paper takes a chronological approach to the cataloguing of electronic resources within the National Library of New Zealand. It briefly outlines the early work in this area and then looks at how the role of a national library affects the cataloguing process. This is followed by a description of current approaches to cataloguing published digital materials and the transformation of the catalogue record that has been part of this process. Finally some issues that are still under discussion are outlined.

Geography Again

I received a note from David Janes alerting me to the fact that the Blogmatrix also has mapping ability. He mentioned it in his 'blog recently but I missed it. He has also provided map icons to post in your 'blog to show where you are located.


Here is an older one I missed, but given the author I think it is worth pointing out, The Corruption of Cataloging by Michael Gorman.
Terrible things are happening to catalogs and cataloging; terrible things with implications for service to library users and the future of libraries. Reports of the gutting and closing of catalog departments are legion. "Modernizing" and "restructuring" are being used by philistine administrators as smoke screens for the destruction of one of the pillars of library service. Words like "downsizing," "reengineering," "rightsizing," and "outsourcing" convey all too well their proponents' refusal to see library personnel as long-term assets to be cultivated rather than short-term "cost centers" to be eliminated.
Seen in Library Juice.

Wednesday, July 30, 2003


Place is an important point of access. There is some interesting work being one on mapping information.

Geo Tags for HTML Resource Discovery has 3 lines to place in the HEAD section of an (X)HTML document related to place, Lat/Long. the 2 letter country code, and the place name. Simple to use. There is a Geo Tag Generator there to make it even easier. There is a world map to locate resources on the site.

The GeoURL ICBM Address Server Here the information is even simpler, just 2 lines. Lat./Long. and resource title are the only fields. There is a database at the site that will spider your site and blink a dot on the world map when your site is updated. You can search the database to see other resources in your physical neighborhood.

DCMI Point Encoding Scheme

We introduce DCMI Point for identifying a point in space using its geographic coordinates. Components of the value correspond to the location coordinates in north and east directions, plus optionally elevation, and also allow the coordinate system and units to be specified, and a name if desired. We describe a method for encoding DCMI Point in a text-string, as a profile of DCSV. This notation is intended for recording the value of the DCES element Coverage, particularly when using HTML meta elements. We also show an alternative encoding for DCMI Point using XML.
Blogmapper is a tool, still in development it seems, that will generate a map from a 'blog.

Now there is RDFMapper (seen on the Semantic Blogging Demonstrator)

RDFMapper is a web service that searches an RDF file for resources with geographic locations, and returns a map overlayed with dots representing located resources. Clicking on a dot displays a web page representing the clicked resource. Arbitrary images can be treated as maps, so the service can be used for any kind of image annotation. The parameters to the web service specify what RDF file is to be mapped, what basemap (eg of San Francisco or the world) is to appear in the background, how to extract the relevant data from an RDF resource for mapping, and how to generate the web page describing the resource. Geographic data may be expressed in several ways, including the RDFIG Geo vocabulary, and the combined use of the Dublin Core and RDFGeom2d vocabularies.

Map Cataloging Workshop

This looks like a great workshop, if you are in the greater NJ area. Mr. Andrew was an editor on Maps and Related Cartographic Materials: Cataloging, Classification, and Bibliographic Control a book I've found helpful on many occasions.

I recently was invited to teach a new basic map cataloging workshop with PALINET, the OCLC regional office for Pennsylvania and surrounding states. If you are in the Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, northern Virginia, or southern New York area, or know of someone who is, (or even outside of this area and willing to travel!) and might be interested in attending a full-day basic map cataloging workshop this Fall then head here.

The details are that it will be held at Rutgers University in Piscataway, NJ on October 27th from 9:30 a.m. until 3:30 p.m. Cost is $110 for PALINET members, $150 for other OCLC regional office members, and $200 for non-members. You can sign up online at the site I gave above. And, if you would like more details than what is given at the website feel free to contact me directly.


Mr. Paige G. Andrew
Faculty Maps Cataloger and Associate Librarian
126 Paterno Library
University Libraries
Pennsylvania State University
University Park, PA 16802
(814) 865-1755
(814) 863-7293 -- fax

Quoted with permission.

OpenURL Patent

On usr/lib/info they have a letter from Eric Hellman explaining that intellectual property rights can be used to enforce openness. For example, the Creative Commons uses copyright to provide greater access. He also discusses ways that they have tried to prevent the appearance of abuse of the system.

There is another letter from NISO expressing concerns about the patent and stating they will file a protest to the patent. There is a rejoiner to their letter from Mr. Hellman.

Tuesday, July 29, 2003


I've just got a rush, a class number I submitted to SACO has been accepted and is now part of the schedule. QB653 Individual asteroids A-Z. The system works. If you need a subject heading, cross-reference or classification number you can submit them through SACO. No training or certification is necessary. Do read the materials and fill in the forms correctly.


Open Biological Ontologies is an umbrella address for well-structured controlled vocabularies for shared use across different biological domains.


A summary of the meeting Ready to Wear: Metadata Standards to Suit Your Project is available.
In an effort to reduce the level of confusion, RLG and the CIMI Consortium co-sponsored a 1-½ day forum May 12-13, 2003 in New York City that introduced some of the most significant metadata standards today.
The presentation slides and other links are included.

Monday, July 28, 2003

Literate Cities

Austin, TX ranks 22 in the America's Most Literate Cities (read U.S. for America). All the others here in Texas are lower. Houston, my local city, ranks 49. Pretty sad. And all the Republican legislature can think about is redrawing district lines to favor their party. Pathetic.

Hipper Catalogs

Dressing the part... by Nelia C. Wurangian-Caan asks how can we make our catalogs more hip, and so attractive to users. Here are a few of my ideas for making our catalogs more hip.
  • RSS feed of most circulated books, books with most holds, etc. Dynamic updated info. Koha is planning to have this.
  • Notify users of overdues, new arrivals via IM or SMS or e-mail or ....
  • Recommendations: others who checked out this book also have checked out ....
  • FRBR display would be useful. There is a Voyager system with this that I've yet to see.
  • IR ports to beam catalog info to a PDA.
Our sites could become hipper by using iCal, 'blogs, RSS, MyLibrary, IM. These are tools and they have their place in a well designed Web site. I personally think that these make a site easier to up-date and so will help keep the site more current. Anthing that makes something automatic or easier should be considered a possible tool.

NISO Workshops

NISO will present two fall workshops on two important topics: Metasearching and the OpenURL. Both events will be held in Washington, DC.

Wednesday, October 29, 2003, is "Metasearch: What It is Now, What It Could Be, and How Standards Can Help Us Get There." Speakers will report on the state of the art and products, implementation and deployment challenges, and new standards and guidelines under development.

The second workshop, on Thursday, November 13, 2003 "OpenURL: the Next Generation of Improving Access to Full-text Content," will explore practical aspects of OpenURL implementation for libraries and content providers and report on the trial implementation of OpenURL Version 1.0.

Please check the NISO website after August 25th for program and registration details.


The RDFWeb and the FOAF (Friend of a Friend) project has a redesigned site. "FOAF is all about creating and using machine-readable homepages that describe people, the links between them and the things they create and do."

I'm curious, is anyone using this? Have you included a FOAF file on your site? I can't because Blogger does not allow other files. I could place it elsewhere, Geocities or Anglefire, for example. Mapping the friend links would be interesting. Who would list someone as a friend and then not have the other reciprocate? Who would be the most popular? Least? This would give another view of the Web.


Tuna Breath is a 'blog devoted to the RedLightGreen project at RLG.
Judith E Bush discusses the launch and analysis of's website -- recasting traditional bibliographic metadata for a world that believes everything should work like Google (tm).

Cites & Insights

The new issue of Cites & Insights is now available. Always worth reading.