Friday, August 06, 2004


The announcement yesterday, about the Nature RSS feeds, mentioned that they were using PRISM metadata. Here how PRISM is described:
The Publishing Requirements for Industry Standard Metadata (PRISM) specification defines an XML metadata vocabulary for managing, aggregating, post-processing, multi-purposing and aggregating magazine, news, catalog, book, and mainstream journal content. PRISM recommends the use of certain existing standards, such as XML, RDF, the Dublin Core, and various ISO specifications for locations, languages, and date/time formats. In addition PRISM provides a framework for the interchange and preservation of content and metadata, a collection of elements to describe that content, and a set of controlled vocabularies listing the values for those elements.
This seems to be a well developed metadata format and should be useful when dealing with analytics.

Thursday, August 05, 2004

Georgia Library PINES Program

News about the open source ILS being developed at PINES is available. This is an exciting project. There are several small ILS projects currently, but this one is on another scale. The site could use RSS.

MARC Tag of the Month

The August MARC tag of the month at Follett is MARC Record Sample Uniform Title -- Main Entry (Book). A fine looking record. I'd like to see 024 included. On a title as this I'd guess it would have an International Article Number and maybe a UPC.

Wednesday, August 04, 2004


The Library of Congress will implement the 2004 Update to the 2002 AACR2 on September 1, 2004. The 2004 AACR2 Update and its related Library of Congress Rule Interpretations (LCRI) will be available in Cataloger's Desktop on that date. Printed copies of the LCRIs have been distributed by the Cataloging Distribution Service.

The 2004 AACR2 Update contains the following changes:

  1. 1.0A1: The rule has been revised to begin with the concept of "What is being cataloged."
  2. 1.0A2: The rule has been revised to provide for the "basis of description" for all modes of issuance, including multipart monographs. (The following additional rule has been changed to reflect revised 1.0A2: 1.4D4.)
  3. 1.0A3: A new rule has been added to give a fuller explanation of "chief source of information." (The following additional rules have been changed to reflect revised 1.0A3: 1.1G3; 2.0H; 3.0H; 5.0H; 6.0H; 7.0H; 8.0H; 9.0H; 10.0H2; 10.0H3; 11.0H; 12.0H; 25.18A10e.)
    LCRI 1.0H has been renumbered 1.0A3; LCRI 1.6 has been revised; LCRI 12.0H has been cancelled.
  4. 1.0A4: The information on "prescribed sources of information" has been moved from 1.0A1 to new rule 1.0A4.
  5. 1.0F1/1.1B1/1.6B1: These rules have been revised to clarify that inaccuracies in series titles are to be transcribed but inaccuracies in titles of serials and integrating sources are not.
    LCRI 1.6B has been revised.
  6. 1.1F1: Two examples have been added.
  7. 1.5D2: The rule has been amended to specify that dimensions are to be separated by a comma. (The following additional rules have been changed to reflect revised 1.5D2: 1.10C2b; 2.5D4; 3.5D1; 3.5D5; 4.5D1; 8.5D6; 10.5D2.)
  8. 3.1F1: The first example has been corrected.
  9. 3.5B3: An example has been added.
  10. 6.5B1: A new optional provision has been added to the rule to permit the use of terms in common usage for the specific format of the physical carrier.
    LCRI 6.5B1: LC practice: Do not apply the optional provision of the rule.
  11. 7.5B1: A new optional provision has been added to the rule to permit the use of terms in common usage for the specific format of the physical carrier.
    LCRI 7.5B1: LC practice: LC uses Archival Moving Image Materials rather than AACR2 in its moving image materials cataloging.
  12. 9.3: The "Type and Extent of Resource Area" for electronic resources has been deleted from AACR2. (The following additional rules have been changed or added to reflect the deletion of 9.3: 0.25; 1.3A; 3.3A3; 3.3E; 3.3F; 9.5B4; 9.7B8; App. A.6A.)
    LCRI 9.3B1 has been cancelled.
  13. 9.5B1: A new optional provision has been added to the rule to permit, in addition to the physical carrier, an appropriate term from subrule .5B of one of the chapters of part I.
    LCRI 9.5B1: LC practice: Apply the optional provision of the rule on a case-by-case basis.
  14. 9.5B3: A new optional rule has been added to permit an extent statement for an electronic resource that is available only by remote access. (The following additional rules have been changed or added to reflect 9.5B3: 9.5A1; 9.5C3; 9.5E2; 9.7B10.)
    LCRI 9.5B3: LC practice: Apply the optional rule on a case-by-case basis.
  15. 9.7B11: An example has been added.
  16. 12.0B1a: The rule has been amended to explicitly address numbered and unnumbered serials.
  17. 12.1E1: The rule has been revised to remove the distinction between serials and integrating resources.
  18. 21.2A: The provisions for multipart monographs have been moved from 21.2B2 to revised rule 21.2A; the concept of "predominant title" has been removed from the rule; and rule 21.2B1 has been deleted.
    LCRI 21.2B2 has been renumbered 21.2A1; LCRI 26.5A has been revised.
  19. 21.2B: The provisions for integrating resources have been moved from 21.2C1b to 21.2B. (The following additional rules have been changed to reflect 21.2B: 12.1B8b; 12.7B8a.)
  20. 21.2C2: The provisions for serials have been moved from 21.2A1 and 21.2A2 to new rule 21.2C2.
    LCRI 21.2A has been renumbered 21.2C; LCRI 1.6H, LCRI 1.6J, LCRI 25.3, and LCRI 26.5A have been revised.
  21. 21.3A2: The rule for entry for multipart monographs has been revised to retain the main entry for the first or earliest part when responsibility changes on the later parts. (The following additional rule has been changed to reflect revised 21.3A2: 21.6A1.)
    LCRI 21.3A2 has been revised.
  22. 21.29B: The rule has been amended to provide for additional added entry access for multipart monographs, integrating resources, and serials.
  23. 21.30J1: The rule has been revised to reflect the rule number changes in 21.2.
    LCRI 21.30J has been revised.
  24. 22.27D: The rule has been amended to include Malay titles.


There have been some minor changes made to ONIX for Books.
Following the original issue of Release 2.1 in June 2003, and a number of corrections and minor upgrades made in December 2003 as Revision 01, we have made a few further additions, primarily to support the special needs of ONIX implementations in Australia and Canada. These are incorporated into the latest download packages, as Revision 02. Most users will be completely unaffected by these additions, and you do NOT need to change the release number in the header of your ONIX messages. The additional level of revision numbering within the release number is used only for purposes of controlling successive minor revisions: see ONIX for Books ? Product Information Message ? XML Message Specification, Section 5.
I'm still curious, is there anyplace to download ONIX records from a publisher that is freely available? Or is LC the only place getting records in this format as part of their CIP program? I hear a lot of talk about how our systems have to be able to handle other formats like ONIX, but if all the publishers consider their metadata as proprietary why should we give any thought to it?

Tuesday, August 03, 2004


Notes from the ALA Annual 2004 meeting of the ALCTS CCS Cataloging &
Classification Research Discussion Group, "Optimizing Metadata Generation Practices" are now available.


The ISBD Review Group announces that the final and approved Mapping ISBD elements to FRBR entity attributes and relationships
The ISBD Review Group has been assessing the feasibility of aligning the terminology used in the texts of the International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions (ISBDs) with that used in the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR). However, the group has encountered difficulties in trying to achieve that alignment, owing in large part to the fact that the terms used in FRBR were defined in the context of an entity-relationship model conceived at a higher level of abstraction than the specifications for the ISBDs. While the entities defined in the FRBR model are clearly related to the elements forming an ISBD description, they are not necessarily congruent in all respects and the relationships are too complex to be conveyed through a simple substitution of terminology.


Texas, my home state did very poorly in the recent literacy report. 5 of the 10 least literate metropolitan areas were in Texas. California had 4 of the bottom 10 and Florida had the remaining one. The most literate areas were all northern. Maybe the long winters encourage reading? I'll avoid any comments about red and blue states.

Monday, August 02, 2004

Multiple terminologies

Multiple terminologies: an obstacle to information retrieval by Emma McCulloch appears in Library Review (2004) v. 53, no. 6 pp. 297-300
Abstract: An issue currently at the forefront of digital library research is the prevalence of disparate terminologies and the associated limitations imposed on user searching. It is thought that semantic interoperability is achievable by improving the compatibility between terminologies and classification schemes, enabling users to search multiple resources simultaneously and improve retrieval effectiveness through the use of associated terms drawn from several schemes. This column considers the terminology issue before outlining various proposed methods of tackling it, with a particular focus on terminology mapping.

CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group Conference

The Future of Cataloguing by Paola Stillone in ther latest issue of Ariadne reports on the three-day annual conference of the CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group (CIG), held at the University of Bath over 30 June - 2 July 2004.
The conference was aimed at information professionals interested in looking at issues that are changing cataloguing and indexing. The latest international developments in metadata standards, cataloguing codes, taxonomies and controlled languages unlock new opportunities for cataloguers' involvement. They also raise complex interoperability issues which go beyond traditional cataloguing and highlight the need for the acquisition of new skills in the digital information environment. The event focused on three interlinked themes: new and emerging standards, collection-level description and professional education.