Friday, September 24, 2004

Parks and Forests

LC is seeking coments on Government-Designated Parks and Forests, Proposed Change in Policy.
The Cataloging Policy and Support Office is considering changing the current practice so that headings of this type that are established in the subject authority file would be usable only as subject headings and would represent only the physical, geographic entities. If it is necessary to assign a heading for a park or forest in a 1XX or 7XX field, a separate name heading would be established to represent the entity as a corporate body. The name heading would be tagged 110 and would have the qualifier (Agency).

New Book

Unlocking the Mysteries of Cataloging: A Workbook of Examples by Elizabeth Haynes and Joanna F. Fountain has been announced as a forthcoming book by Libraries Unlimited.
Supplementing existing textbooks with exercises that allow practice in description, classification, subject analysis, and MARC 21, this workbook pinpoints problem areas that arise in the cataloging of a wide variety of materials in public, school, special and academic library settings. Real title pages and other necessary materials are used throughout. AACR2 rule numbers are included, as well as questions for consideration. MARC records are provided for some 150 titles, and a supplemental Web site provides full keys and further details. The site also aids teachers by providing indexes beyond those in the book. This book will appeal to all serious cataloging students as necessary practice for sharpening their skills, as well as to beginning catalogers in the large library environment. It will be a valuable addition as individual study material and for in-house training of catalogers.
I had the pleasure of viewing a proof of the book and found it well worth the time spent.


Experiences of Educators Using a Portal of Aggregated Metadata by Sarah L. Shreeves and Christine M. Kirkham appears in Journal of Digital Information v. 5, no. 3.
The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Open Archives Initiative Metadata Harvesting Project sought to test the viability of a search portal containing aggregated metadata for cultural heritage resources harvested using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). Metadata was collected from 39 providers, including museums, archives, libraries, historical societies, consortiums, and digital libraries. Some resources existed in digital formats, such as .JPG images. Other resources were analog objects and were represented digitally through the metadata. The paper documents a pilot user test with a small group of K-12 teachers-in-training. The users were asked to use the portal to locate primary source materials for use in the classroom. The results highlight the challenges posed by aggregations of heterogeneous metadata for both users and service providers. Areas for further investigation and approaches for more in-depth studies are suggested.

Thursday, September 23, 2004

Google Hacks

Over at Research Buzz there are several Google hacks and bookmarklets. Maybe it is time for an O'Reilly book Librarian Hacks?

Research Buzz and have both had nice things to say about Catalogablog in the past two days. Thanks. Welcome to all the new readers clicking-thru from one of those sites.

AIM Search of OPAC

Another tool/toy that is just too slick, is the Library Search AIM Bot. Use your AOL Instant Messenger to search a library catalog. It is coded for results returned in XML. The IPAC does this, any other systems? How difficult would it be to have it scrape HTML? When designing catalogs we should be using standards so other folks can come up with these wonderful ideas and we can all use them. Seen on the Shifted Librarian.

Worldcat/Google Bookmarklet

This is slick, the Worldcat/Google Bookmarklet. Thanks to all involved. It may have some use to catalogers, but even more to reference staff, I can see when a patron is looking for a book not in the collection this would be a great way to find it elsewhere.

Simply drag the bookmarklet to you Favorites folder and then when viewing a page with an ISBN select that favorite. It displays the WorldCat record in Google, with an option to find locations nearby. Enter your Zip Code. Slick.

Basic Subject Cataloging Using LCSH

The chairs of the Standing Committee on Training of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging and of the Subject Analysis Training Materials Subcommittee, ALCTS Subject Analysis Committee announce the availability of a new workshop, Basic Subject Cataloging Using LCSH, to the general cataloging community. This two-day workshop is designed to give attendees a solid foundation in the principles and practices of subject cataloging using LCSH, an introduction to the most important tools, and practice in formulating heading strings using subdivisions.

Basic Subject Cataloging Using LCSH is the first in what we hope will be a series of cataloging workshops developed under the auspices of Cooperative Cataloging Training (CCT), a joint initiative of the Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) and the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS). These courses follow the model of the Serials Cataloging Cooperative Training Program (SCCTP) in which skilled and experienced catalogers develop and present standardized training materials. Networks, local library associations, and individual institutions sponsor the workshops. Sponsors are responsible for all expenses associated with hosting the workshop.

If you would like more information on sponsoring a workshop, please visit the CCT Web site. There you'll find lists of trainers in your region as well as more details about the workshop itself.

The course materials are available from LC's Cataloging Distribution Service as PDF files and are priced according to the number of copies that will be made. Information on ordering the course materials can be found online.

Seen on AUTOCAT. I've had NACO and SCCTP training and if this is anywhere near the quality of those workshops, this would be an opportunity not to be missed. It is good to see LC getting involved in training, It will benefit the cataloging community in so many ways.

Wednesday, September 22, 2004

AV Cataloging

The UCLA Film and Television Archive's Cataloging Procedure Manual (CPM) is now available on the Archive's web site.

It uses a combination of Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd ed. rev. (AACR2R) and Archival Moving Image Materials: a Cataloging Manual (AMIM2) rules, Library of Congress subject headings (LCSH) and Moving Image Materials: Genre Terms (MIM) genre and form terms in MARC 21 format records on Voyager. The procedure manual indicates which rules they follow in any given situation and contains many examples. In addition, the CPM contains local rules for uniform titles, supplied titles, local subject headings and genre/form terms, and terms for use in the physical description of archival moving image materials, with an extensive glossary of the latter, including suggested MARC 21 coding.

Dublin Core

The Usage Board has announced the approval of a new term with the status of "conforming":
Provenance - "A statement of any changes in ownership and custody of the resource since its creation that are significant for its authenticity, integrity and interpretation."
The full text of the decision can be found online.

The new term has been added to DCMI Metadata Terms and related documents, as well as to the RDF schema provided by DCMI.


OCLC announces the latest update to its WebDewey tutorial is now available.

For the first time, this version of the interactive tutorial includes information about Abridged WebDewey. For example, school libraries can learn about new 18th edition Sears Subject Headings mapped to Abridged 14. The revised tutorial also contains more detail on user notes and information about enhancements made over the last year to Dewey Services, including:

  • Improved display of DDC hierarchies
  • Improved browse functionality
  • User notes keystroke shortcuts
  • Easy access to tables, relocations & discontinuations
  • Work area and search history
  • Retain search

Tuesday, September 21, 2004

MARC & Unicode

Changes to the MARC-8 character set and Unicode mappings have been made affecting these characters.
  • CJK characters from the EACC repertoire
  • Eszett, Euro sign
  • Greek symbols
  • Alif

Houston Area

Just a reminder that the District 8 Fall Conference is Saturday, October 9, at Pearland High School South. Registration has been extended until September 30.

Some of the sessions are:

  • Doing the Dewey, Cataloging on the Beach: Implementing a Library System in Phuket, Thailand
  • Surviving Migration
  • Virtually Speaking: 21st Century Reference Services in Public Libraries
  • Jump In!: Professional Publishing and Service for New Librarians
I'll be speaking at this about 'blogs. Any suggestions on things I should mention, resources I should point to, or articles for the bibliography? The beginning of the handout is now available.


The North American Serials Interest Group has the latest issue of their newsletter available. Included in the issue is a fine review of the Integrating Resources Cataloging Workshop, a preconference workshop from the last NASIG conference.

Remember, is time to send in your renewal to this fine organization. What? Not a member! Check it out. For only $25.00 a year it has to be rated a Best Buy.


Some interesting work being based on the ISBN (soon to be EAN). The isbnsearch project is
A distributed search portal of common sources of ISBN numbers, with permanent caching of results. To provide a open-source free interface for ISBN retrieval using HTML, SQL or XML to be independent of any toolkits or software.
Over at OCLC, the xISBN has the promise of becoming an indispensable service.
xISBN is a library web service that supplies International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs) associated with individual intellectual works represented in the OCLC WorldCat database. Give it an ISBN, and it returns a list of associated ISBNs.
This solves the problem of searching and getting no hits because LC has the hard cover and you have the paperback, which I find is all too common.

This work will lead to cleaner catalogs and pave the way for a smooth transition to a FRBR catalog. We will have to clean up the ISBNs in our catalog if they are going to be used for these services. isbnck is a UNIX program to validate the check digits of ISBNs. A perl script to do the same is used as an example in a training course. Another, more versatile, perl script is lintallchecks. ISBN Java Class is an option for those who prefer that language. A XSLT validation document is a slick method to check the validity. Those working in Visual Basic might find this tool useful.

They will also help our patrons. A tool like LibraryLookup would work much better if an xISBN service were queried before submitting the request to the local library. The Lookup Helper is also based on the ISBN.

Monday, September 20, 2004


MoPark Initiative, Metadata Options Appraisal (Phase I) by Dennis Nicholson
Examines – and makes recommendations on - the needs of the Loch Lomond and Trossachs National Park as regards the metadata, metadata standards, and metadata management required for the competent handling of digital materials both now and in the future. Proposes an iterative approach to determining metadata requirements, working within a METS-based framework.

Margaret Mann Citation

Nominations are now being accepted for the 2005 Margaret Mann Citation, presented by the Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS), a division of the American Library Association. This award is presented to a cataloger or classifier for outstanding professional achievement in the areas of cataloging or classification through publication, participation in professional cataloging associations, or valuable contributions to practice in individual libraries. The Cataloging and Classification Section administers the award, a citation and $2,000 to the library school of the winner's choice, which is donated by OCLC, Inc. The Mann Citation committee bases its selection on nominations made by members of the profession or friends of the profession. Anyone with a worthy candidate is urged to nominate that person. Achievements to be considered include: notable publications, such as an article, pamphlet, or book; outstanding contribution to the activities of professional cataloging associations; outstanding contribution to the technical improvement of cataloging and classification and/or the introduction of a new technique of recognized importance; and outstanding contribution in the area of teaching cataloging and classification. The deadline for nominations and supporting materials is December 1, 2004. For additional information on the ALCTS awards, visit the ALCTS Web site.

Send nominations to: David Miller, chair, Mann Citation Jury,