Friday, November 12, 2004


Technical Bulletin 251: Connexion WorldCat Searching is now available in HTML and PDF

TB 251 covers changes in search syntax, stopwords, and indexes for WorldCat searching in Connexion.

The changes described in the technical bulletin will be implemented in the Connexion interface on November 21, 2004.


This is what I love about open source, just how quick things can happen. The other day someone dropped a note to the Koha mail-list asking about a link to Amazon from Koha. I then mentioned a link to OpenWorldCat would be a nice option, if there were no results from a search. Just thinking aloud. Well, today both are available and a link to Project Gutenberg is next. For the WorldCat page, search "Once and Future Moon" or another unlikely title and see the results. For the Amazon link check out this page at the bottom. How long has Jenny been trying to get the idea of RSS into the major vendors heads? And with Koha this enhancement has taken a few days. Thanks to Chris for these features.

RSS in the Catalog

More serial publishers are making TOC and other information available via RSS. Nature, for example, has a huge selection of feeds. Has anyone started to place these links in their catalog records?

Dublin Core

Report of the meeting of the Dublin Core Libraries Working Group DC-2004, Shanghai, Tuesday 12 October 2004.

30 people attended this working group meeting

The agenda of the WG was

  1. Presentation of the revised DC-Lib - Robina Clayphan
  2. Feedback form the Usage Board - Rebecca Guenther
  3. Presentations from the floor - speakers
  4. Discussion and work plan for the next year - all and RC
  1. Presentation of the revised version of DC-Lib The main task of the WG over the past year was the production of a revised version of the library application profile, DC-Lib. This has been updated with the decisions taken at the meeting in 2003 and reformatted according to the CEN Guidelines for DCAPs. Robina Clayphan presented the revised version and explained the changes that had been made to conform to the Guidelines. There were several issues that were still awaiting the outcome of Usage Board meetings and one or two that are being handled by other working groups, notably the Date working group. The main outstanding issues were:
    • How to include terms from the MARC list of relators as refinements of DC.Contributor
    • How to declare or register needed encoding schemes
    • The issue of re-use of terms from other data models
    • Remaining Date requirements and a few open questions in the profile
  2. Feedback from the Usage Board Roles. To progress the desire to provide more specific roles for an agent in relation to a resource LoC has created an RDF version of the MARC Relators list. The entire list had been analysed to identify the subset of terms which refine the semantics of contributor (i.e making contributions to the content of the resource). For each term in the subset to which this applies the RDF document contains an assertion that they are subproperties of dc:contributor. These assertions have been endorsed by the DCMI Usage Board. Such terms will dumbdown to contributor if used as a dc term and the remainder of the Relator terms may be used if desired with the marcrel prefix e.g. marcrel:OWN for the term Owner. Guidelines will be issued for the use of the terms and to clarify the dumbdown situation. For future maintenance, LoC will contact the UB when a term is added to determine whether or not it is a subproperty of contributor and the assertion made accordingly. The agreed subset of terms can be seen.

    Additionally, the term 'distributor' has been declared a subproperty of dc:publisher and 'depicted' subproperty of dc:subject.

    This solution marks a whole new departure in using terms from another namespace: allowing DC descriptions to be enriched using terms from controlled vocabularies maintained by other trusted agencies. Moreover, the RDF document not only defines the terms but provides an identifier for each term in the form of an http URI. This means that these terms are uniquely, persistently and machine readably identified in a way that will enable use in semantic web developments.

    A remaining issue for DC-Lib is to specify a way in which to refer to the subset of role terms as a whole rather than have to list each one separately in DC-Lib. This issue will be taken back to the UB by Rebecca.

    Encoding Schemes. Where an encoding scheme has been approved by the UB it has been defined and uniquely identified in the DCMI namespace and can easily be referred to in an application profile. It was suggested that a formal registration process should be estqablished to enable further encoding schemes to be declared and used in DC application profiles. The UB feels the DCMI namespace cannot realistically be indefinitely expanded this way and agencies should be encouraged to use their own URIs rather than go through a formal registration process. This is an experimental time and relationships such as the one now established for the relators list should be set up. The UB will develop a policy, process and documentation for endorsing non-DCMI encoding scheme URIs.Two schemes that were already in process will be completed however, thse being ISO8601Basic (without hyphens) and NLM Classification.

    Use of terms from different data models. Although they use different data models DC-Lib incorporates three terms taken from MODS. It has been argued that XML elements cannot be included in DC Aps unless the assertion is made that they are RDF properties. It is as yet unclear whether to make these assertions or to propse new elements so this issue remains unresolved.

  3. Presentations Mary Woodley of the California State University discussed the San Fernando Valley History Digital Library and the use made of Dublin Core in describing the digital objects. Corey Harper, of the University of Oregon, discussed the development of digital collections with CONTENTdm as well as the UO's institutional repository, Scholars' Bank. Thanks to both speakers for putting DCMES in the context of real developments.
  4. Workplan
    • Update DC-Lib in line with UB decisions.
      Who: Robina Clayphan.
      When: Spring 2005
    • Submit DC-Lib to UB for "Registered" status.
      Who: Robina Clayphan.
      When: for next UB meeting in 2005
    • Suggest encoding schemes to include in DC-Lib.
      Who: all.
      When: on-going.
    • Write an XML schema for DC-Lib.
      Who: Ann Apps.
      When: Start with current version and complete when new version available.
    • Produce guidance documentation together with User Documentaion WG.
      Who: task to be sub-divided between WG members. RC to find volunteers.
      When: Autumn 2005
Respectfully submitted
Robina Clayphan
Chair, DC Libraries Working Group

Wednesday, November 10, 2004


Typos in the catalog can be a problem for our users. More Typographical Errors in Library Databases, a listing of typos found by a group out to correct these errors has been updated. This list contains more subtle errors. "The words in this list are correctly spelled for some uses, but not others. Some of the words are personal names, some are archaic and some are not English. Some are filing indicator errors." Check your catalog for some of these when you have a few odd minutes to fill. After a while you will have worked your way through the list. Thanks to all those involved in this effort to clean up our catalogs.


Version 1.20 of the Connexion client is now available for download from the OCLC web site. This release includes NACO support for authorities functionality, local files, batch processing, and more. See the client recent enhancements page for more information about the changes, to download the software, and to access updated tutorials and documentation.

If upgrading from client 1.10 to 1.20, be sure to review Section 5 of the Getting Started document. OCLC will discontinue version 1.10 on March 1, 2005.


A good introductory article on RSS is What is RSS and how can it serve libraries? by Zeki Celikbas in In Yalvac, Mesut and Gulsecen, Sevinc, Eds. Proceedings First International Conference on Innovations in Learning for the Future: e-Learning, pp. 277-292, Istanbul (Turkey).

Tuesday, November 09, 2004


The Nov. issue of the NISO Newsline has the article The 13-Digit ISBN: There's Time, But Act Fast!
Worldwide, the industry will move to from a 10-digit to a 13-digit ISBN on January 1, 2007. Experts from NISO and counterpart organizations, working within the ISO, have taken steps to make the transition as easy as possible for publishers and librarians. The NISO web site has answers to a range of basic question as well as links to further information.

January 1, 2005 is the first important date in the move to 13 digits. That's what the Uniform Code Council has established as the "sunrise date" for U.S. retailers to join the rest of the world in using a full 13-digit European Article Number (EAN) in place of the current US 12-digit Universal Product Code (UPC), or bar code. The change supports the sale of US books through all channels using a single identifier.

NISO urges publishers to submit title information to Books In Print right now. Every ISBN registered will automatically be converted to 13-digits.

Just an idea, would it make sense to convert the 10 digit numbers into the 13 and populate the catalog with those in field 024? All valid 020's could have 978 added to the start of the number and the last number recalculated. Surely a script like that could not be too difficult. Would it be worth the effort?

Topic Maps

Published Subjects for practitioners of RDF, Semantic Web, Topic Maps, Ontologies and Business Vocabularies! The OASIS Published Subjects TC is holding a nocturne, Monday, November 15th, 7:30 PM - 9:00 PM, Taft Room in the Marriott Wardman Park Hotel at the start of XML 2004.

Join us to find out how the Published Subjects TC is ramping up to complete work already underway and to take on new projects relevant to your subject area. Sorry, no free drinks but lots of discussion and planning of new activities for the Published Subjects TC.

Published Subjects is an open, distributed mechanism for defining unique global identifiers. Based on URIs, the Published Subjects mechanism has two unique characteristics: It works from the bottom up, and it works for humans AND computers. For more information see Published Subjects: Introduction and Basic Requirements.

The goal of the OASIS Topic Maps Published Subjects Technical Committee is to promote Topic Maps interoperability through the use of Published Subjects. A further goal is to promote interoperability between Topic Maps and other technologies that make explicit use of abstract representations of subjects, such as the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the Web Ontology Language (OWL).

Published Subjects as defined in this Specification provide an open, scaleable, URI-based method of identifying subjects of discourse. They cater for the needs of both humans and applications, and they provide mechanisms for ensuring confidence and trust on the part of users. Published Subjects are therefore expected to be of particular interest to publishers and users of ontologies, taxonomies, classifications, thesauri, registries, catalogues, and directories, and for applications (including agents) that capture, collate or aggregate information and knowledge.


The monthly DDC updates, this month includes a message requesting comment:
The following new and changed entries are effective on November 1.

We have updated Options A and B in the 340 Law schedule in DDC 22. Each entry that includes information on Options A and B has been updated; all affected entries are included below. Changes are underlined; 349.9, 349(.91), 349(.92) and 349.93-349.99 are new entries.

We would like to know how many libraries use Option A, B, or C instead of the standard arrangement, and the reason the option is preferred over the standard arrangement. Please send us [] the name of your library, the edition of Dewey in use in your library, the option you use, and the reason you prefer the option. We would appreciate a response by December 10, 2004. We will report back our findings to Dewey users in early 2005.

Thanks Ian.

MARC Tag of the Month

At Follett the MARC Tag of the Month for November is MARC Record Sample -- Sound Recording (cassette) -- Non-musical Audiobook. Seems to be missing field 306. Do people use that field? I don't catalog much in the way of audiobooks, so it may be a non-issue.

Monday, November 08, 2004


The latest CONSERline Newsletter is a special issue devoted to the CONSER Summit on the Digital Environment. Contents:
  • Introduction
  • Personal Impressions:
    • Cindy Hepfer
    • Wen-ying Lu
    • Roxanne Sellberg
  • Action on Recommendations
  • Articles and Presentations

Library ELF

I have to mention again the great tool Library ELF.
ELF is an Internet-based tool for anyone who uses the library and would like to keep track of what they've borrowed. Subscribers are able to check one or more library accounts in one place -- it's a way to simultaneously keep tabs of the status of all of one's checked-out items.

Specify when you'd like to be notified and ELF will send email reminder notices of upcoming due dates (sometimes called pre-overdue or early notification) and overdue reminders. And by visiting the ELF website, you can view the current status of your library borrowings.

Whether by email or by website, ELF checks accounts (in real-time) and consolidates the information into one report. Instead of going to each library account for updates, ELF will automatically do the checking and sends courtesy email reminders.

Ideal for interlibrary library users (students or individuals with multiple library accounts) and intralibrary library users (families, clubs, etc.).

Pretty slick. I've been using it for 2 of the local libraries I frequent and appreciate having all the information on just one page. The developers seem to be very responsive.

ID3 Metadata

MP3 files have metadata, ID3 tags, associated with the audio file. I'm in need of an ID3 editor, free since I have only a very few files to edit. Any suggestions?