Friday, May 20, 2005

MARC Codes

Addition to the MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions
Network Development and MARC Standards Office Library of Congress.

The code listed below has been recently approved for use in MARC 21 records. The new code will be added to the online MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions. The code should not be used in exchange records until after July 20, 2005. This 60-day waiting period is required to provide MARC 21 implementers time to include the newly defined code in any validation tables they may apply to the MARC fields where the code is used.

MARC Classification Sources Addition:

    bcl - Nederlandse Basisclassificatie = Dutch Basic
    Classification Codes (The Hague: Koninklijke Bibliotheek). For use in subfield $2 (Source of number) in Bibliographic and Classification records in field 084 (Other Classification Number), and in subfield $2 (Source) in Authority records in field 065 (Other Classification Number). May also be used in subfield $2 (Source of classification or shelving scheme) in Bibliographic and Holdings records in field 852 (Location). [use after July 20, 2005]

SLA 2005

I've started to collect Web sites for my short talk on weblogs at SLA. I just want to give a couple of examples and mention how useful they can be in getting the word out. Good PR for the library. I'll mention RSS in passing, benefits of using it but not go into technical details and all the tools. I've started a collection of possible examples on FURL, if you have any suggestions please let me know.

Thursday, May 19, 2005


The MARCXML Conversion Stylesheet MARCXML to OAI Encoded Simple Dublin Core as distributed by the Library of Congress seems to have a problem. When I ran it, the resulting file had two instances of field 520. This is also the file distributed with MarcEdit.

If you used this tool, you might want to see if you had the same problem.

Open Journal Systems

Open Journal Systems, an open source tool for journal publishers is now available. It uses the OAI-PMH standard.
Open Journal Systems (OJS) is a journal management and publishing system that has been developed by the Public Knowledge Project through its federally funded efforts to expand and improve access to research. OJS assists with every stage of the refereed publishing process, from submissions through to online publication and indexing. Through its management systems, its finely grained indexing of research, and the context it provides for research, OJS seeks to improve both the scholarly and public quality of referred research. OJS is open source software made freely available to journals worldwide for the purpose of making open access publishing a viable option for more journals, as open access can increase a journal's readership as well as its contribution to the public good on a global scale (see PKP Publications).

Features (See Handout for details)

  1. Online Submission of Articles, Reviews, and other Items
  2. Online Management for Each Stage of Publishing
  3. Comprehensive Indexing of Each Article Published
  4. Research Support Tool for Each Article Published
  5. Email Notification and Commentary for Readers
Seen on Open Access News

Wednesday, May 18, 2005

OAIster Introduction

A nice introduction to OAIster, Looking for Pearls by Katerina Hagerdorn appears in the latest Research Information.

MySQL in a Nutshell

Much of our work, as catalogers, deals with databases. MySQL in a Nutshell is a new book from O'Reilly about the Open Source database.
After introductory information on installing and formatting queries to MySQL, the book presents a reference listing of MySQL's features. Contents include:
  • SQL statements, with the clauses of the more complicated statements broken into groups of related functionality for easier reading
  • Functions provided by MySQL
  • Arguments and configuration options for the mysqld server
  • Arguments for the terminal client and a number of MySQL-related utilities, both within and outside the core distribution
  • API functions for Perl, PHP, and C

Tuesday, May 17, 2005

GPO Cataloging

The GPO New Electronic Titles page carries the announcement "No new records will be added to this database after May 13, 2005." They are moving to a new catalog system. Here is the timetable for the move:
  • Until May 13, GPO will add records to the Catalog of U.S. Government Publications. After May 13, the CGP database will be frozen.
  • From May 16 until June 1, GPO will suspend providing bibliographic records to the Library of Congress and other users. After June 1, GPO will resume providing cataloging records. Additional details on bibliographic record distribution will be available in May.
  • From May 16 until June 1, GPO will suspend all cataloging activity on OCLC. Regular cataloging production activities will resume June 1, and ongoing database maintenance activities in Aleph will begin.
  • From May 16, until June 1, GPO will answer users’ inquiries about bibliographic services. However, in order to assure maximum data integrity, record modifications cannot be performed until after June 1, when the final record load and indexing will be complete. After June 1 GPO will fulfill all necessary record modification requests received during this temporary implementation period.
  • Beginning June 1 through approximately June 10, the ILS will be available for testing. Additional details on the testing protocols will be available in May.
  • On June 13, GPO expects to open the online catalog to general public use.

Monday, May 16, 2005

Searching, Pre and Post Web

Mansourian, Yazdan (2004) Similarities and differences between web search procedure and searching in the pre-web information retrieval systems. Webology 1(1).
This paper presents an introductory discussion about the commonalities and dissimilarities between Web searching procedure and the searching process in the previous online information retrieval systems including classic information retrieval systems and database. The paper attempts to explain which factors make these two groups different, why investigating about the search process on the Web environment is important, how much we know about this procedure and what are the main lines of research in front of the researchers in this area of study and practice. After presenting the major involved factor the paper concludes that although information seeking process on the Web is fairly similar to the pre-web systems in some ways, there are notable differences between them as well. These differences may provide Web searcher and Web researchers with some opportunities and challenges.

Semantic Web Technologies

Semantic Web Technologies (TSW0502) by Dr Brian Matthews provides:
an introduction to the Semantic Web - the vision, programme and technologies, but also explains where we currently are in its development and what the likely impact will be on education in areas such as information management and discovery tools, digital libraries, supporting Web-based interaction, and e-learning. It also proposes some realistic timescales for adoption and outlines the current and potential role of the UK F&HE community.

Outcomes from the JSC meeting

The Outcomes from the JSC meeting have been posted on the JSC Public website.

Frankfurt Principles

The Slovene translation of the "Frankfurt Principles" has been posted on the IFLA website.

New From Greenstone

Greenstone is a suite of software for building and distributing digital library collections. It provides a new way of organizing information and publishing it on the Internet or on CD-ROM. Greenstone is produced by the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the University of Waikato, and developed and distributed in cooperation with UNESCO and the Human Info NGO. It is open-source, multilingual software, issued under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Read the Greenstone Fact Sheet for more information.

These Greenstone tutorial exercises will teach you about many aspects of Greenstone, from installation to format statements; from writing a collection to CD-ROM to serving it on OAI, exporting it as METS, or converting it to and from DSpace; from harvesting Web documents to harvesting metadata over OAI. It will also take you through the detailed steps of building collections of html, word, pdf, images, mp3, marc records, and many more, including OCR'd newspaper images.

Download Greenstone v2.60, a major stable release that features up-to-date French, Spanish and Russian translations, updated GLI documentation, and many other improvements and bug fixes.

Download all the language interfaces available for the Greenstone digital library software (version 2.60 only): the four "core" languages English, French, Spanish, Russian; and interfaces for Arabic, Armenian, Bengali, Catalan, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Farsi, Finnish, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Latvian, Maori, Mongolian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Serbian, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese.

Segmentation Marks in Dewey Numbers

The Library of Congress Decimal Classification Division, along with the Dewey editorial team, is considering a change in segmentation practice. The segmentation marks in Dewey numbers currently show the end of an abridged number or the beginning of a standard subdivision. For example:
  • 155.6/6 The slash shows the end of the number for the same topic in the abridged edition, 155.6
  • 809/.89287 The slash shows the end of the number for the same topic in the abridged edition, 809
  • 324.6/23/0973 The first slash shows the end of the abridged number (324.6); the second slash shows the beginning of the standard subdivision (0973)
  • 282/.092/2 The first slash shows the beginning of the standard subdivision (0922); the second slash shows the end of the abridged number (the standard subdivision 0922 is shortened to 092 in the abridged edition)
We are considering simplifying our segmentation service to include a single mark that shows the end of the abridged number: 155.6/6, 809/.89287, 324.6/230973, 282.092/2. We would like to hear from the library and library vendor community about your current use of segmentation marks, and the impact a change in policy would have on that use. Please send your comments, along with your name and affiliation by June 15 to Dennis McGovern (, Chief, Decimal Classification Division, Library of Congress.