Friday, October 20, 2006

Rights Metadata

CCInfo is a plugin for Adobe Acrobat that lets you select and embed a Creative Commons license. Its Windows only right now.

Additions to the MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions

The codes listed below have been recently approved for use in MARC 21 records. The codes will be added to the online MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions.

The codes should not be used in exchange records until after Decenber 19, 2006. This 60-day waiting period is required to provide MARC 21 implementers time to include newly defined codes in any validation tables they may apply to the MARC fields where the codes are used.

Description Conventions

The following code is for use in subfield $e in field 040 (Cataloging Source) in Authority and Bibliographic records.


Descriptive cataloging of rare materials (Books). (Washington, DC: Cataloging Distribution Service, Library of Congress) [use after December 19, 2006]
Term, Name, Title Sources

The following code is for use in subfield $2 in Bibliographic and Community information records in 6xx fields and in subfield $f in field 040 (Cataloging Source) in Authority records.


Soubor vecnych autorit Narodni knihovny CR = CZENAS thesaurus: a list of subject terms used in the National Library of the Czech Republic (Praha : Narodni knihovna Cseke republiky) [use after December 19, 2006]

Thursday, October 19, 2006

Archie at the Library

The gang from Riverdale visit the Salt Lake City Library in issue 570 of Archie.

Wednesday, October 18, 2006

Has Cataloguing Become Too Simple?

Has cataloguing become too simple? : why it matters for cataloguers, catalogues and clients by Paul Staincliffe appeared in New Zealand Libraries 49(10).
Modern catalogues have become far removed from their original ideals, and cataloguing standards have declined. Nineteenth-century arguments about whether cataloguing is an art or a science have been overtaken by concerns about a 'dumbing-down' of quality to meet the perceived needs of modern library customers, and by debate about the direction of resources towards digitisation in the clamour for access. Despite rumours of the impending demise of MARC, the format remains standard and is expected to prevail into the foreseeable future. This article has been adapted from a paper delivered at the LIANZA Conference in Napier, N.Z. in September 2003.

Additions to MARC Code List for Languages

Additions to MARC Code List for Languages

The following codes have been approved for use in the international language code standard, ISO 639-2 (Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages--Part 2: alpha-3 code) and are also being added to the MARC Code List for Languages.

New codeLanguage namePreviously coded
Subscribers can anticipate receiving MARC records reflecting these changes in all distribution services no earlier than January 17, 2007.

Tuesday, October 17, 2006


Here's an idea, not even half-baked, how about peer-to-peer (P2P) networks of OPACs? Only available items would display. I'd get to pick the institutions I'd have display and whether to display non-circulating items. Something like Limewire. Something visible to TrustyFiles. Should have sent this off to Hackfest.

Koha 2.2.6

Koha 2.2.6 has been released and is available.

Koha is the first Open-Source Integrated Library System.

Koha is a full-featured open-source ILS. Developed initially in New Zealand by Katipo Communications Ltd and first deployed in January of 2000 for Horowhenua Library Trust, it is currently maintained by a team of software providers and library technology staff from around the globe.

Koha 2.2.6 is more than 250,000 lines of code, contributed by about 50 different developers (46, +translators).

The 2.2.6 version of Koha is a mature product, with a lot of nice features.

More than 100 libraries are registered as users, and we are sure that at least 300 libraries use the software. There are 2 projects derived from Koha.

Monday, October 16, 2006

UDC in subject gateways

UDC in subject gateways: experiment or opportunity? by Aida Slavic will appear in Knowledge Organization.
The paper gives a short overview of the history of use of UDC in Internet subject gateways (SGs) with an English interface, from 1993 to 2006. There were in total, nine quality controlled SGs that were functional for shorter or longer periods of time. Their typology and functionality is described. Quality SGs have evolved and the role of classification has changed accordingly from supporting subject organization on the interface and automatic categorization of resources, towards supporting a semantic linking, control and vocabulary mapping between different indexing systems in subject hubs and federated SGs. In this period, many SGs ceased to exist and little information remains available regarding their status. SGs currently using UDC, for some part of their resource organization, do not use a UDC subject hierarchy at the interface and its role in resource indexing has become more difficult to observe. Since 2000, UDC has become more prevalent in East European SGs, portals and hubs, which are outside the scope of this research. This paper is an attempt to provide a record on this particular application of UDC and to offer some consideration of the changes in requirements when it comes to the use of library classification in resource discovery.

Use of the Universal Decimal Classification

Use of the Universal Decimal Classification: a worldwide survey by Aida Slavic will appear in the Journal of Documentation.
A general overview with up-to-date information on UDC use worldwide.... The interest shown for using UDC in the organization of digital collections, information exchange and cross domain and cross collection resource discovery depends on accurate knowledge of its actual usage worldwide. This gives a measure of its global importance and verifies its credentials as an indexing standard. This research, which attempted wider and more systematic coverage than previous surveys, should help clarify the status of UDC and its potential use in the networked environment. Originality/value - Up-to-date information on the presence of the UDC system across countries and languages.

Search Engines and Resource Discovery on the Web

Search Engines and Resource Discovery on the Web: Is Dublin Core an Impact Factor? by Mehdi Safari appears in Webology 2(2).
This study evaluates the effectiveness of the Dublin Core metadata elements on the retrieval of web pages in a suite of six search engines, AlltheWeb, AltaVista, Google, Excite, Lycos, and WebCrawler. The effectiveness of four elements, including title, creator, subject and contributor, that concentrate on resource discovery was experimentally evaluated. Searches were made of the keywords extracted from web pages of the Iranian International Journal of Science, before and after metadata implementation. In each search, the ranking of the first specific reference to the exact web page was recorded. The comparison of results and statistical analysis did not reveal a significant difference between control and experimental groups in the retrieval ranks of the web pages.

Metadata and the Web

Metadata and the Web by Mehdi Safari appears in Webology 1(2).
The rapid increase in the number and variety of resources on the World Wide Web has made the problem of resource description and discovery central to discussions about the efficiency and evolution of this medium. The inappropriateness of traditional schemas of resource description for web resources has encouraged significant activities recently on defining web-compatible schemas named "metadata". While conceptually old for library and information professionals, metadata has taken more significant and paramount role than ever before and is considered as the golden key for the next evolution of the web in the form of semantic web. This article is intended to be a brief introduction to metadata and tries to present its overview in the web.

Open Archives Initiative

Object Reuse and Exchange (ORE) is a new two-year effort by the Open Archives Initiative, began in October 2006. The work is funded by the generous support by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundationi. ORE is co-coordinated by Herbert Van de Sompel and Carl Lagoze.

ORE will develop specifications that allow distributed repositories to exchange information about their constituent digital objects. These specifications will include approaches for representing digital objects and repository services that facilitate access and ingest of these representations. The specifications will enable a new generation of cross-repository services that leverage the intrinsic value of digital objects beyond the borders of hosting repositories.

ALCTS non-English access report available for comment

ALCTS non-English access report available for comment. The 70 page report covers UNICODE, sorting different languages and scripts, committees and areas to be studied. There is also an executive summary available.
The Association for Library Collections & Technical Services (ALCTS) is pleased to announce the availability of a report on providing access to non-English materials in libraries.

The report was the result of action introduced at the 2005 ALA Annual Membership Meeting and ALA Council on the topic. The ALCTS Task Force on Non-English Access, chaired by Beth Picknally Camden, was charged in October 2005 by the ALCTS Board of Directors to review past and current activities in providing access to materials in non-English languages, and make recommendations for future actions by ALCTS and others.

The Task Force gathered information from ALCTS and American Library Association groups, the Library of Congress, the bibliographic utilities (OCLC and RLG), other library organizations, and library systems and authority vendors. The task force found that substantial activity has taken place over many years to address the complex issues associated with multiscript and multilingual access. The Task Force report also includes recommendations for specific actions concerning technical specifications, cataloging guidelines, continuing education, communication, and staffing. These findings and recommendations are summarized in the report of the Task Force available on the ALCTS web site:

If you are interested in commenting on the findings in the report, a comment form is also available on the ALCTS web site. Comments should be submitted by December 1, 2006.