Friday, December 23, 2011

Additions to Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes

The source code listed below has been recently approved. The code will be added to the applicable Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes list. See the specific source code list for current usage in MARC fields and MODS/MADS elements.

The code should not be used in exchange records until 60 days after the date of this notice to provide implementers time to include the newly-defined code in any validation tables. Subject Heading and Term Source Codes

The following source code has been added to the Subject Heading and Term Source Codes list for usage in appropriate fields and elements.

Norske tidsskrifter 1700-1820: emneord (Oslo: Nasjonalbiblioteket)

Thursday, December 22, 2011

MARBI Paper Available for Review

A logo of the Unites States Library of Congres...Image via WikipediaProposal 2012-01: New Data Elements in the MARC 21 Bibliographic and Authority Formats for Medium of Performance.
As noted in Discussion Paper 2011-DP05, medium of performance is a critical piece of information for music retrieval. Following current LCSH practice, catalogers assign subject headings which often combine genre/form and medium information into a single heading. As work continues on developing Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT), it has become clear that medium of performance vocabulary is out of scope for LCGFT and is a separate facet in its own right. The ability to move forward on implementing music terms in LCGFT is dependent on finding a place in the MARC Formats to accommodate medium of performance data in a separate field.

Wednesday, December 21, 2011

Information Standards Quarterly

The latest issue of the Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) is now available. Articles include:
  • Staff Cost Savings from Implementing the NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) by Mary E. Jackson
  • Scholarly iQ and SUSHI: A Case Study by Gary Van Overborg, John Milligan, and Michael Lee
  • Implications for a Medium-Sized Publisher in Using SERU: A Shared Electronic Resource Understanding by Mary E. Marshall
  • Innovation and Standardization: Friends not Foes by John Sack
  • NISO Launches Two New Initiative to Develop Standards and Recommended Practices: Digital Bookmarking and Annotation Sharing and Open Discovery Initiative by Nettie Lagace

Tuesday, December 20, 2011

MARC Tool is a PERL tool for analyzing MARC records.
The Library of the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross delivers an open source utility for analyzing MARC ISO2709 bibliographic records. is a Perl script to filter or count bibliographic records based on condition built upon tag name, indicators, subfield, field value (or tag, positions, value for control fields 00x).

Functional Requirements for Sharing Tag Data

TagCommons has the Functional Requirements for Sharing Tag Data.
The TagCommons effort is operating something like a software project. The process is very lightweight, but has an important step that is often forgotten in discussions about ontologies and formats: for what purposes are we designing this? These days, a good way to look at functional requirements for software is to identify use cases and then derive engineering requirements. This was the first outcome of the working group, and the results are summarized here. We will describe the use cases first and then the requirements.

Monday, December 19, 2011


Basic Group 1 entities and relations of the FR...Image via WikipediaThe latest issue of SCATNews is now available. It is the newsletter of the Standing Committee of the IFLA Cataloguing Section. News from the US, China, Japan, etc. Articles like "FRBR and Linked Data at the French National Library" and "The Principles on Open Bibliographic Data."

Friday, December 16, 2011

Librarian Running for Texas State Board of Education

University of North Texas logoImage via WikipediaDavid Scott, running for District 6 (Houston) of the Texas State Board of Education, has a Masters of Library Science from the University of North Texas in Denton.

Thursday, December 15, 2011

Additions to Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes

The source code listed below has been recently approved. The code will be added to the applicable Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes list. See the specific source code list for current usage in MARC fields and MODS/MADS elements.

The code should not be used in exchange records until 60 days after the date of this notice to provide implementers time to include the newly-defined code in any validation tables.

Subject Heading and Term Source Codes

The following source code has been added to the Subject Heading and Term Source Codes list for usage in appropriate fields and elements.

Thesaurus for the Social Sciences

OCLC Releases FAST as Linked Data

OCLC has released FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology) as Linked Data.
FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology), an enumerative, faceted subject heading schema derived from the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), is now available as an experimental Linked Data service ( and is made available under the Open Data Commons Attribution License.

The FAST authority file, which underlies the FAST Linked Data release, has been created through a multi-year collaboration of OCLC Research and the Library of Congress. Specifically, it is designed to make the rich LCSH vocabulary available as a post-coordinate system in a Web environment.

"Linked Data" is an approach to publishing data on the Web which enhances its utility by making references to persons, places, things, etc. more consistent and linkable across domains.

The release of FAST as Linked Data provides FAST headings that support both human and machine access. FAST incorporates links to corresponding LCSH authorities. In addition, many of the geographic headings have links to the GeoNames geographic database (

Tuesday, December 13, 2011


Eight years ago today I was in an auto accident. I was able to stand for the first time on Christmas day. I got out of the hospital sometime after New Years. At that point I was counting how far I walked each day in feet. I was in a wheelchair for the better part of the day for a couple months. Then I was using a walker. After three months I was able to go back to work half time. Six months after the accident I was able to work full time and was using a cane. I could put on my own socks without using a device. About eight months after I was working on advanced mobility in physical therapy, things like using a ladder and stepping up over the curb. I graduated physical therapy in September.

Now I still take more medicine than I thought possible and live with pain. But life is pretty much back to normal. I can walk without a limp. I can still dance, but no dawn dances for me anymore; a couple of hours is all I can stand. I can swim, but I'm a lot slower and swim about 1/2 the distance I could before. Most people would not what I know I had been through.

Part of my recovery is due to having some excellent medical support. The physical therapy people in the hospital worked with me every day including Christmas and New Years. The physical therapist I had after the hospital, Hope Rehab, was also excellent. Thanks Gretchen and all your staff. I had a recovery doctor, there aren't many around who worked on controlling pain and building my strength back. The pulmonary doctor who did the initial work on the blood clots was excellent. So many nurses and doctors and technicians and ... Thanks to all.

An auto accident is a life changing event. You can smoke or have high cholesterol, or any number of things that will, over time, affect your quality of life. An accident changes things in an instant. Take care this holiday season.

Friday, December 09, 2011

Amazing Comics

Young Romance #1 (October 1947). Cover art by ...Image via WikipediaA break from cataloging. I enjoy comics and the Digital Comics Museum has given me access to a great collection of out-of-copyright works. I've been enjoying books by Walt Kelly, Jack Kirby, Will Eisner, Joe Kubert, Bob Powell, and many other outstanding sequential artists. I've also enjoyed reading the original Captain Marvel, Balckhawks, Crime Does Not Pay, early Archie stories in Pep Comics and other important titles. Along the way I've found a couple of eye-opening comic books.

The Challenger Comic from 1946 deals with race, pro-union, pro co-op, and still has a message for today sadly. The caracters in the stories are integrated, different colors work and play together. Something main stream media wouldn't depict for quite some time.

Another amazing old comic (1949) Young Romance # 60, deals with housing discrimination against Jews. This one is drawn by Jack Kirby, who was Jewish and so had personal experience with the attitudes in the story. Powerful stuff.

Wednesday, December 07, 2011

Additions to the MARC Country and Geographic Area Code Lists

On October 10, 2010, the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved, resulting in two new constituent countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands: Curaao and Sint Maarten (Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 to become a separate country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands). The remaining islands of the Netherlands Antilles.Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (or the "BES islands") joined the Kingdom of the Netherlands as three special municipalities collectively administered by the National Office for the Caribbean Netherlands. As the result of the Netherlands Antilles being dissolved, new country and geographic area codes are being defined for use in MARC records.

The coding for Netherlands Antilles, country code na and GAC nwna, will remain valid only for items prior to December 2011.

1. MARC country code changes

The new country codes are:
Sint Maarten
Caribbean Netherlands
Both Curaao and Sint Maarten (previously called Saint Martin, Southern, on the country code list) were previously coded na for Netherlands Antilles before December 2011. Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba were previously coded na for Netherlands Antilles before December 2011 and will now collectively be coded ca for Caribbean Netherlands.

2. MARC geographic area code changes

The new geographic area code is:
Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten was previously coded nwst for Saint Martin (West Indies) before December 2011. Code nwst will now apply only to the French collectivity of Saint-Martin. Current geographic area codes assigned to the islands of the former Netherlands Antilles remain unchanged: nwaw for Aruba, nwco for Curaao, nwbn for Bonaire, nwsd for Saba, and nweu for Sint Eustatius.

On July 15, 2007, the French island communes of Saint-Barthlemy and Saint-Martin separated from the French overseas region of Guadeloupe to become two separate overseas territorial collectivities of France. As the result of this separation, new country and geographic area codes are being defined for use in MARC records.

1. MARC country code changes

The new country codes are:
Both Saint-Barthlemy and Saint-Martin (previously called Saint Martin, Northern, on the country code list) were previously coded gp for Guadeloupe before December 2011.

2. MARC geographic area code changes

The new geographic area code is:
Saint-Barthlemy was previously coded nwgp for Guadeloupe before December 2011. Saint-Martin will retain the code nwst, but the geographic area code name on the list will change from Saint Martin (West Indies) to Saint-Martin. Code nwst will now apply only to the French collectivity of Saint-Martin. Sint Maarten, a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, will be coded nwsn (see above).

Subscribers can anticipate receiving MARC records reflecting these changes in all distribution services not earlier than February 6, 2012.

EAD Tool

EADitor is a new tool for working with EADs.
EADitor is a free, open-source cross-platform XForms framework for creating, editing, and publishing Encoded Archival Description (EAD) finding aids using Orbeon, an enterprise-level XForms Java application, which runs in Apache Tomcat. I have released the latest stable code in downloadable packages on our Google Code site. This release is a major advancement over the June 2011 release, especially in terms of performance and stability. I call EADitor a beta because there is much I have left to improve, but this is the first production-ready release, an example of which is the American Numismatic Society Archives site, Archer

Features in a nutshell:
  • Public interface with faceted search results and facet-based OpenLayers mapping
  • Linked data and geographic services: OAI-PMH feed, Solr-based Atom feed (embedded with geographic points) and search results in the form of KML
  • Geonames, LCSH, VIAF APIs for geographic, subject term, personal, and corporate name controlled vocabulary
  • Upload finding aids from the "wild" (if they adhere to EAD 2002).
  • Interface for reordering and setting permissions of components
  • Flickr API integration, attach flickr images as a daogrp
  • Simple template controls for EAD finding aids
  • Introduction of simple themes: select facet orientation on search page and from a selection of jQuery UI themes (theme controls will be enhanced over time)
One of the most important recent advancements in the project is the introduction of our documentation wiki. Documentation is an ongoing process, but the wiki contains enough information to get you started with installation and use.

Google Group
SAA 2010 slideshow
code4lib article (XForms for Libraries, an Introduction)

Tuesday, December 06, 2011

A couple of Items of Possible Interest

Gary Price from INFOdocket has brought a couple of items to my attention. First, Interviews With Five Metadata Experts. The interviews where held in connection with the DCMI 2011 Conference. The five interviewees are:
  • Emmanuelle Bermès, Modern Art Museum Centre Pompidou
  • Makx Dekkers, CEO, Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (2001-2011)
  • Stuart Sutton, CEO, Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (2011- )
  • Tom Baker, Chief Information Officer (Communications, Research and Development)
  • Diane Hillmann Vocabulary Maintenance Officer
Second, Gary points to A New 24 Page Report From OCLC: “WorldCat Quality” "This paper describes OCLC's steps to make it easier to find items in WorldCat and get them from OCLC member libraries."

Gary will be presenting at the Texas Library Conference, I hope to see him there.

Tuesday, November 29, 2011

No More Star Wars Films

A logo of the Unites States Library of Congres...Image via WikipediaThe Library of Congress to Cancel LCGFT Character- and Franchise-Based Terms for Moving Images.
On August 1, 2011 the Policy and Standards Division (PSD) of the Library of Congress issued a discussion paper entitled, “Cancellation of LCGFT Character- and Franchise-Based Terms for Moving Images,” which explained why character- and franchise-based terms are currently included in Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT), and the rationale for PSD’s proposal to cancel them. PSD would like to thank all those who provided comments on this issue.

Specialists in PSD and staff in LC’s Moving Image, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division (MBRS) reviewed all of the comments and found them to be generally in favor of the proposal. PSD will therefore move forward with cancelling the approximately 90 character- and franchise-based terms from LCGFT. Correspondents did raise some valid concerns that are addressed below.
An attachemnt to the documnet lists many terms and suggested LCGFT and LCSH replacement headings.

VRA Core Metadata Tool

Seen on the Mod librarian.
This is one of the coolest things ever - an export/import tool for a custom VRA Core metadata XMP panel. This tool, designed to be used with Adobe Bridge, allows you to export VRA Core metadata from images with existing metadata and even better, to import VRA metadata to a group of files from a .txt file.

The VRA Core metadata scheme has a very rich, robust, and relational set of elements so any tool that automates its application is extremely valuable. This site even has great videos to explain installation and use.

Friday, November 11, 2011

NISO Teleconference

News from NISO.
NISO will continue its monthly open teleconference series this coming Monday, November 14th at 3:00 PM. This month, we will be discussing Standards for Digital Bookmarking and Annotation Sharing, a new NISO project. NISO has begun work to create a standard syntax for how bookmarks and notes should be located in a digital text, especially in online environments that might be continually updated or mutable. NISO held two meetings, supported by the Andrew Mellon Foundation, on this topic last month in conjunction with the Frankfurt Book Fair and the Books in Browsers (San Francisco, CA), where interested parties, including librarians, vendors and developers discussed requirements for functional specifications.

We'll be talking about the initiative overall and the items raised during the meetings. Peter Brantley, Director, BookServer Project at the Internet Archive and Rob Sanderson, Information Scientist, Los Alamos National Laboratory Research Library will participate in the conversation together with Todd Carpenter, Managing Director of NISO.

The call is free and anyone is welcome to participate. To join, simply dial 877-375-2160 and enter the code: 17800743#. All calls are held from 3-4 p.m. Eastern time.

Another OS ILS

Project Next-L, the librarian community in Japan has announced the release of the open-source integrated library system, Next-L Enju Leaf 1.0.0.

Next-L Enju Leaf is a full-featured ILS built on Ruby on Rails 3.1, Apache Solr and their RESTful architecture. A live demo site is available.

Next-L Enju has been adopted by some libraries in Japan, for example, National Diet Library and National Institute for Materials Science.

Monday, November 07, 2011

Syriac Romanization Table

Melchite Hirmologion written in Syriac Sertâ b...Image via WikipediaThe Policy and Standards Division has received a proposal for a new Syriac romanization table. Comments due by January 16, 2012.

Tuesday, November 01, 2011


ShareMenot might be a good add-on for the patron machines in the library, or even your personal machine.
Did you know that buttons like these allow Facebook, Google, LinkedIn, and others to track your online browsing activities on every site that includes one of these buttons, even if you never click the buttons and (in some browsers) even if you have third-party cookies disabled?

ShareMeNot is a Firefox add-on designed to prevent third-party buttons (such as the Facebook “Like” button or the Twitter “tweet” button) embedded by sites across the Internet from tracking you until you actually click on them. Unlike traditional solutions, ShareMeNot does this without completely removing the buttons from the web experience.

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Khmer and Tamazight Romanization Tables Available for Review

A logo of the Unites States Library of Congres...Image via WikipediaThe Policy and Standards Division of the Library of Congress has received proposals for the following:
Copies of these proposals are available online. A scan of the current Khmer romanization table is available on the ALA-LC Romanization Tables webpage. A summary of revisions incorporated into the proposed Khmer table is found in a separate, summary document.

Comments on these proposed romanization tables are due by January 16, 2012.

Friday, October 14, 2011

OWL Ontology for the PREMIS Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata

On behalf of the PREMIS Editorial Committee we are happy to announce the publication of an OWL ontology for the PREMIS Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata version 2.1, a digital preservation standard based on the OAIS reference model. This PREMIS OWL ontology tries to stick as closely as possible to the PREMIS Data Dictionary, which was developed by experts in the domain of long-term preservation and already had clearly defined semantics for its metadata elements. Until now the PREMIS Data Dictionary was only implemented as an XML schema, which remains ideal for creating, validating and storing the preservation metadata of a particular digital asset.

This OWL ontology allows one to express the same information in RDF. With this alternative serialization, information can be more easily interconnected, especially between different repository databases. Information in RDF can be also easily and flexibly queried, which can be an interesting option for the data management function of a repository. The PREMIS OWL ontology also reaches out to preservation-specific vocabularies already published by the Library of Congress on

For all these reasons, the OWL design of PREMIS should NOT be considered as a replacement for the XML Schema: the two of them should rather be considered complementary.

The ontology is public and open for review. There are still some designs decisions open, formulated as questions to the ontology reviewers and available on the PREMIS OWL Public Wiki. Interested people can leave their valuable feedback on the PREMIS OWL Wiki under Questions for Reviewers. Feedback is very much welcome and will be taken into account for the next release of the PREMIS OWL ontology.

For now, the ontology is available on the following namespace, but after it is finalized it will move to a Library of Congress namespace:

Please send comments no later than Nov. 10, 2011 to be considered in a revised version.--From the e-mail announcement.

Recommended Practices for the Presentation and Identification of E-Journals

NISO will continue its monthly open teleconference series this coming Monday, October 17th at 3:00 PM. This month, we will be discussing PIE-J, Recommended Practices for the Presentation and Identification of E-Journals. The PIE-J Working Group is developing a Recommended Practice to provide guidance on the presentation and identification of e-journals, particularly in the areas of title presentation and bibliographic history, accurate use of the ISSN, and citation practice. The group's work will assist publishers, platform providers, abstracting and indexing services, knowledgebase providers, aggregators, and other concerned parties in facilitating online discovery, identification, and access for the publications.

Regina Reynolds, ISSN Coordinator at Library of Congress and Cindy Hepfer, Head, Electronic Periodicals Management & Continuing Resources Cataloging, the University at Buffalo (SUNY) will lead the conversation.

The call is free and anyone is welcome to participate in the conversation. To join, simply dial 877-375-2160 and enter the code: 17800743#. All calls are held from 3-4 p.m. Eastern time.

The Open Teleconferences are an quick way to get an update on the status of a NISO initiative. The calls are informal and questions and discussion is welcome. Following the featured discussion, there is also an opportunity for the NISO community to bring up any issue or topic of interest. This is an excellent time for you to raise any concerns, project ideas, or suggestions of focus for NISO in the coming year.

Other upcoming calls will be on E-Book Annotation Sharing and Social Reading, November 14, and an update on the NISO E-Books Special Interest Group on December 12. Please mark your calendars. If you are unable to join us, this call will be recorded and made freely available on the NISO website following the event—as are all of the Open Teleconferences. For more information or to listen to the previous call discussions, please visit: the e-mail announcement.

TEI in Libraries

Text Encoding InitiativeImage via WikipediaThe TEI Consortium's Special Interest Group on Libraries has recently completed a major revision to the “Best Practices for TEI in Libraries” ( The revised Best Practices contain updated versions of the widely adopted encoding levels, which span from fully automated reformatting of print content to deep encoding to support content analysis and scholarly uses. A substantially revised TEI Header section supports greater interoperability between text collections and MARC records. In addition, the Best Practices now include schemas for encoding levels 1-4, providing a mechanism to better ensure conformance and interoperability of digital texts.

The “Best Practices for TEI in Libraries” formerly known as the "TEI Text Encoding in Libraries: Guidelines for Best Encoding Practices" will be officially unveiled at the 2011 TEI Members' Meeting and Conference currently underway at the University of Würzburg in Germany and at the end of this month at the Digital Library Federation Fall 2011 Forum to be held in Baltimore, 10/31-11/2.--From the e-mail announcement.

Tuesday, October 11, 2011

OLAC Newsletter

The September 2011 issue of the OLAC Newsletter is online

  • From the President
  • Treasurer's Report
  • Conference Corner
  • OLAC Meeting Minutes (Executive Board, CAPC, Membership)
  • Reports (MARBI, CC:DA, RDA Testing, Moving Image Grant, MOUG)
  • News and Announcements
  • Reviews
  • OLAC Cataloger's Judgment
  • News from OCLC
  • OCLC QC Tip of the Month

Tuesday, October 04, 2011

International UDC Seminar

Slides and audio from the International UDC Seminarare now available.
Following the opening talk, speakers from different domains expanded on their particular view of what ontologies and knowledge structures may mean in their specialised areas of work and what aspects of ontological analysis or formal ontology modelling are relevant in the world of knowledge classifications. A number of talks stressed the urgency for knowledge classification schemes to be published as linked data and the limitations of the existing web ontology standards, SKOS specifically, were revisited a number of times. Presentations about particular schemes illustrated that classifications may indeed require more thought with regards to modelling.

Wednesday, September 28, 2011

The Molecule of Data

Karen Coyle spoke with David Weinberger for this week’s LibraryLab/ThePodcast.
How can libraries use the power of metadata — those little molecules of information that help describe the greater work — to help users get more out of their search for resources?
This is going on my MP3 player.

Friday, September 23, 2011

Addition to Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes

The source code listed below has been recently approved. The code will be added to applicable Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes lists. See the specific source code list for current usage in MARC fields and MODS/MADS elements.

The code should not be used in exchange records until 60 days after the date of this notice to provide implementers time to include newly-defined codes in any validation tables.

Cartographic Data Source Codes
The following source code has been added to the Cartographic Data Source Codes list for usage in appropriate fields and elements.

mapland Google maps world gazetteer

USGS Links to Change

USGS LogoImage via WikipediaThe U.S. Geological Survey is changing from using the DJVU format for their scans to PDFs. The consequence of this is that all the old links will be broken stop working. They will not have a redirect from the old URL to the new.

The preferred link to USGS publications should be formatted like this:

IAMSLIC News & Events has a bit more info.
The U.S. Geological Survey's Publications Warehouse ( will complete a process to migrate all of its' on-line publications into Portable Document Format (PDF) files by September1, 2011. At that time, the USGS will no longer support the previous DJVU format for its on-line publications. Libraries and Web site managers shouldlink to the publications citation page for USGS publications. At sometime after September 1, 2011, direct links to DJVU files will stop working and there will be no automatic redirect to the PDF version of those materials.

Wednesday, September 21, 2011

Information Standards Quarterly

The Summer 2011 issue of NISO’s Information Standards Quarterly magazine is now available.
  • ISNI: A new system for name identification by Janifer Gatenby and Andrew MacEwan
  • ORCID: Unique Identifiers for Authors and Contributors by Martin Fenner
  • The Names Project: A New Approach to Name Authority by Alan Danskin, Amanda Hill, and Daniel Needham
  • Identify This! Identifiers and Trust by Geoff Bilder
  • The Use of the Standard Address Number (SAN) in the Supply Chain by Louise Timko
  • I² and ISNI: Improving the Information Supply Chain with Standard Institutional Identifiers by Jody DeRidder

Monday, September 19, 2011

Cartoon Gets Subject Heading Changed

Today's Shelf Check cartoon managed to get a subject heading changed on a bib record. That was quick.

Monday, September 12, 2011

DBpedia 3.7 Released

Logo of the DBpedia projectImage via WikipediaDBpedia has a new version ready to be downloaded.

we are happy to announce the release of DBpedia 3.7. The new release is based on Wikipedia dumps dating from late July 2011.

The new DBpedia data set describes more than 3.64 million things, of which 1.83 million are classified in a consistent ontology, including 416,000 persons, 526,000 places, 106,000 music albums, 60,000 films, 17,500 video games, 169,000 organizations, 183,000 species and 5,400 diseases.

The DBpedia data set features labels and abstracts for 3.64 million things in up to 97 different languages; 2,724,000 links to images and 6,300,000 links to external web pages; 6,200,000 external links into other RDF datasets, and 740,000 Wikipedia categories. The dataset consists of 1 billion pieces of information (RDF triples) out of which 385 million were extracted from the English edition of Wikipedia and roughly 665 million were extracted from other language editions and links to external datasets.

Library of Congress Preparing for RDA

A logo of the Unites States Library of Congres...Image via WikipediaWidely posted.
The Policy and Standards Division, part of the Acquisitions and Bibliographic Access Directorate at the Library of Congress (Washington, D.C.), is launching a new website as the Library prepares for RDA. The site is located at: There are links to training documents, presentations, exercises, and examples of records as well as to other RDA related sites. Many more links will be added as items are created, edited, and updated as preparations for RDA proceed. The page originally created for LC documentation related to the US RDA Test will no longer be maintained. Links from that site will be migrated to the new site over time as appropriate.

Thursday, September 08, 2011

Permalink Service for Authority Data Available at LC

A logo of the Unites States Library of Congres...Image via WikipediaWidely posted and distributed.
The Library of Congress is pleased to announce an expansion of its LCCN Permalink Service for the Library's name and subject authority records. These persistent URLs are based on the Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN). As with bibliographic records, LCCN Permalinks are displayed on authority record entries in LC Authorities.

Create an LCCN Permalink
Simply begin your URL with the LCCN Permalink domain name -- -- then add an LCCN.
Examples: or

LCCNs should be formatted according to the info:lccn URI specification. Instructions are also available in the LCCN Permalink FAQ.

How LCCN Permalink Works
An LCCN Permalink retrieves a MARCXML-formatted record using the Z39.50/SRU protocol. Both valid and cancelled LCCNs (MARC 21 fields 010a and 010z) are searched. Authority record displays for LCCN Permalink follow the labelled display found in LC Authorites. MARCXML and MADS versions of the records are also available. Displays link to entries in LC Authorities and the LC Online Catalog -- and, where appropriate, to entries in the Virtual International Authority File and LC Authorities and Vocabularies.

Friday, September 02, 2011

MARC21 Update

From the Network Development and MARC Standards Office
Update No. 13 (September 2011) is now available on the MARC website ( It is integrated into the documentation for each of the Online Full and Concise formats that are maintained on that site -- the Bibliographic format, Authority format, Holdings format, Classification format, and Community Information format. The documentation includes changes made to the MARC 21 formats resulting from proposals which were considered by the ALA ALCTS/LITA/RUSA Machine-Readable Bibliographic Information Committee (MARBI), the Canadian Committee on MARC (CCM) and the BIC Bibliographic Standards Group in January and June 2011.

The changes are indicated in red. Each format also has an appendix,"Format Changes for Update No. 13 (September 2011)" that lists the changes that comprise the update. The Web version of the formats is the official version and is considered the start for implementation planning for MARC 21. Users are not expected to begin using the new features in the format until 60 days from the date of this announcement: September 1, 2011. For more information about format documentation


Wednesday, August 31, 2011

CILIP CIG E-forum on Reclassification

On the 26 and 27 September the Cataloguing & Indexing Group (CIG) of CILIP will host a free e-forum on reclassification. On both days, sessions begin at 10 am and end at 5 pm (BST, i.e. GMT +1 hour).
The arrangement of libraries is rarely static, and even in these times of financial hardship there are many drivers for reclassifying libraries or sections of libraries. As the new edition of Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC23) starts to take hold, we ask how libraries tackle reclassification. What methods of reclassification have worked best for your library and/or what methods are you considering in the future? Which groups of institution staff have you consulted for your reclassification work and can you share tips for getting management buy-in for these important projects? Where do you stand on the in-house versus out-sourcing reclassification debate? What is the relationship between reclassification and retrospective cataloguing in your library, and are the two activities automatically and eternally entwined?

This e-forum will enable discussion on reclassification both specifically and generally. We welcome input from any library, whichever sector, and however big or small. We hope that everyone will feel encouraged to share ideas, thoughts and to ask questions -- whether you are a reclassification pro, working on your first reclassification project or generally interested in this important topic. Though the e-forum will debate reclassification generally, on the morning of Tuesday 27th September we will open up the floor to a specific discussion about DDC23 - under the helm of our special guest moderator, Gill Cooper. The e-forum will finish with a debate about the future of classification and reclassification, and will ask whether classification is even relevant in twenty-first century libraries.
It is free but registration is required.

Tuesday, August 30, 2011

Omeka OAI-PMH Harvester Plug-in

OAI-PMH structrueImage via WikipediaOmeka now has a OAI-PMH harvester plug-in for sites.
Since 2009, any Omeka website may make their data available by activating the OAI-PMH Repository plugin and may harvest OAI-PMH data sets with the OAI-PMH Harvester. Now, the OAI-PMH Harvester plugin is available with every site. Are you sharing and harvesting?
They have started a wiki page listing sets that can be harvested. If your Omeka collection supports OAI-PMH harvesting and you would like the community to be aware of that, let them know. It does look like the page is only for Omeka sites, not any exposed site.

Wednesday, August 24, 2011

Poster Session Call for Proposals

A close-up view of the front entrance to the U...Image via WikipediaTLA's District 8 Fall Conference has issued a call for proposals for the poster session. The deadline is October 1, 2011. The meeting will be Saturday, October 22, 2011 - University of Houston M.D. Anderson Library.

There is still time to get in your session proposals. That deadline is September 1, 2011. Speakers will be notified of acceptance by September 16, 2011.

Tuesday, August 23, 2011

LCSH Mass Update

It seems all the subject headings in LSCH have been updated. In the 005 field I keep seeing the latest change as 2011. Records that haven't been touched since 1984 have suddenly been updated. Anyone have any info on the change? Was it just moving the records to another system or has something more been checked or changed?

Broadcasting Metadata

Independence between description and content i...Image via WikipediaMetadata, especially MPEG-7, seems an important trend at the latest International Broadcasting Conference.
Metadata has never really got the juices going at IBC or anywhere else, but now at least it is being much more talked about and taken seriously by all participants in the content value chain. This will be reflected at IBC2011, where the fast expanding role of metadata in search and recommendation will be witnessed both in the conference and on the show floor. Even now metadata will not immediately leap out at delegates, since many of the relevant products and discussion topics will be under the heading of media asset management (MAM).
Thanks to Gary Price for bringing this to my attention.

Monday, August 22, 2011

Cost and Value of Bibliographic Control

Assessing the Cost and Value of Bibliographic Control by Erin Stalberg and Christopher Cronin appears in LRTS v. 55, no. 3.
In June 2009, the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services Heads of Technical Services in Large Research Libraries Interest Group established the Task Force on Cost/Value Assessment of Bibliographic Control to address recommendation of On the Record: Report of the Library of Congress Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control, which focused on developing measures for costs, benefits, and value of bibliographic control. This paper outlines results of that task force’s efforts to develop and articulate metrics for evaluating the cost and value of cataloging activities specifically, and offers some next steps that the community could take to further the profession’s collective understanding of the costs and values associated with bibliographic control.

Monday, August 15, 2011

Additions to the MARC Country and Geographic Area Code Lists

de Südsudan en Southern Sudan ru Южный СуданImage via WikipediaAs the result of the split of Republic of the Sudan (or conventional short form: Sudan) into Sudan and South Sudan in July 2011, new country and geographic area codes are being defined for use in MARC records.

The coding for Republic of the Sudan will remain the current coding for Sudan: country code sj and GAC f-sj.
  1. MARC country code changes

    The new country code is:
    • sd - South Sudan
    South Sudan was previously coded sj for Sudan before August 2011.
  2. MARC geographic area code changes

    The new geographic area codes is:
    • f-sd - South Sudan
    South Sudan was previously coded f-sj for Sudan before August 2011.

Wednesday, August 10, 2011

New Vocabulary Data Added to LC Authorities and Vocabularies Service

A logo of the Unites States Library of Congres...Image via WikipediaLC has announced that new vocabulary data has been added to the LC Authorities and Vocabularies Service.
The Library of Congress is pleased to make available additional vocabularies from its Authorities and Vocabularies web service (ID.LOC.GOV), which provides access to Library of Congress standards and vocabularies as Linked Data. The new dataset is:
  • Library of Congress Name Authority File (LC/NAF)
In addition, the service has been enhanced to provide separate access to the following datasets which have been a part of the LCSH dataset access:
  • Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms
  • Library of Congress Children's Headings
The LC/NAF data are published in RDF using the MADS/RDF and SKOS/RDF vocabularies, as are the other datasets. Individual concepts are accessible at the ID.LOC.GOV web service via a web browser interface or programmatically via content-negotiation. The vocabulary data are available for bulk download in MADS and SKOS RDF (the Name file and main LCSH file will be available by Friday, August 12).

Please explore it for yourself at

The new datasets join the term and code lists already available through the service:
  • Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH)
  • Thesaurus of Graphic Materials
  • MARC Code List for Relators
  • MARC Code List for Countries (which reference their equivalent ISO 3166 codes)
  • MARC Code List for Geographic Areas
  • MARC Code List for Languages (which have been cross referenced with ISO 639-1, 639-2, and 639-5, where appropriate)
  • PREMIS vocabularies for Cryptographic Hash Functions, Preservation Events, and Preservation Level Roles