Wednesday, June 22, 2011

Information Standards Quarterly

The Spring 2011 issue of Information Standards Quarterly (ISQ) is now available online in PDF format and is open access. Both the full issue and the individual articles can be downloaded.

This special edition of ISQ presents Views of the E-book Renaissance. Guest content editor, October Ivins of Ivins eContent Solutions has pulled together a broad range of perspectives on what is happening today with e-books and particularly with e-book standards. As she states in her introductory letter: “Our goal for this issue of ISQ is to present an overview of the status of e-books from multiple perspectives—publishers and other content producers, librarians, and the many vendors who support their creation, management, sales, and distribution. Not coincidentally, it also illustrates the scope of the NISO community.”

In our first feature article, Bill Kasdorf (Apex Content Solutions) provides an update on EPUB 3, the new generation of the EPUB specification just issued by the IDPF, and likens it to opening a Pandora’s box, but where “all the creatures bursting out can be made to behave in a civilized way.” This is followed with answers by Marlie Wasserman (Rutgers University Press) to 10 questions on the state of e-book publishing for university presses.

For our in practice section Mollie Pharo and Marcia Learned Au describe the public library experience with e-books from their perspective over the last decade at the Evansville Vanderburgh Public Library. Wendy Allen Sherburne (University of Illinois) provides an opinion piece on drinking the e-book kool-aid in an academic library setting.

Mark Bide (EDItEUR) has written our standards spotlight feature where he discusses the challenge for standards in the e-book supply chain. Michael Gorrel (EBSCO Publishing) provides our member spotlight where he shares with us his company’s plans for merging the recently acquired NetLibrary e-books with the EBSCOhost platform.

In NISO reports, Matt Garrish and Markus Gylling (DAISY Consortium) reveal the evolution of accessible publishing that occurred with the revision of the Z39.86 DAISY standard. Todd Carpenter follows with an announcement of a new NISO Ebook Special Interest Group that is in the process of formation.

As always, our issue concludes with Noteworthy news items such as JSTOR’s foray into e-books, ProQuest’s acquisition of Ebrary, the Project Muse and UPeC partnership to offer e-books, the trial use issuance of the Journal Article Tag Suite standard (Z39.96), and several others. And check our State of the Standards table to see the status of all of NISO’s in development projects for standards or recommended practices.

You can find the complete Table of Contents to the Spring issue of ISQ, with links to the articles and PDF downloads here:

--NISO email announcement.


This past year I had the pleasure of serving on the Texas Library Association's Award Committee. I have two observations after the experience.

First, there are a lot of very talented, hard-working, innovative people in our profession. And not just catalogers, but school librarians, youth, children's, reference, managers all doing amazing things. Librarians really are a special group of people.

Second, that nowhere near enough of us apply for awards. If my experience was typical there should have been many more submissions than we received. We did ask and ask again. One notice I sent out to the cataloging and special library community had almost 400 click-throughs and yet zero submissions. It does take some time to fill in the application but to recognize a special employee or group of employees should be worth the time. Even if they don't win, seeing that application and knowing their work was appreciated is worth something. Having the committee read just how wonderful your staff and library is also has value. You never know when good PR will benefit your institution.

So, next time you see an announcement for an award think about who you know that deserves one and toss their name in the hat.

Tuesday, June 21, 2011

Identifying Entity Types in MARC Records

The report on the RDA/MARC Working Group's discussion of Identifying Entity Types in MARC records is now available.
The RDA/MARC Working Group had discussions of the many points that were brought out in the MARBI discussion of 2011-DP03, Identifying Work, Expression, and Manifestation records in the MARC 21 Bibliographic, Authority, and Holdings formats. They found that while there was some sentiment for defining such a field, there was disagreement in the group and in the community about how the values in the field should be defined. It was pointed out in the discussion that there were various reasons for establishing this marker: to be able to validate that a record for a certain level contained the appropriate fields for that level; to correctly organize displays; and for applications that do not yet exist.

Additions to Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes

The source codes listed below have been recently approved. The codes will be added to applicable Source Codes for Vocabularies, Rules, and Schemes lists. See the specific source code list for current usage in MARC fields and MODS/MADS elements.

The codes should not be used in exchange records until 60 days after the date of this notice to provide implementers time to include newly-defined codes in any validation tables.

Classification Scheme Source Codes
The following source codes have been added to the Classification Scheme Source Codes list for usage in appropriate fields and elements.

Klassifikasjonsskjem (Trondheim: Fellesbiblioteket, Kongelige Norske videnskabers selskab, Museet, Norges lerhgskole)
Klassifikasjonsnkkel til norsk topografi / av Vegard Elvestrand (Trondheim: Universitetsbiblioteke)
University of Oslo Library Classification (Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo)
Oversikt over systematisk katalog (Norway: Universitetsbiblioteket i Bergen)
Norsk inndeling av vitenskapsdisipliner (Norway: Universitets- og hgskolerdet)
Genre/Form Code and Term Source Codes

The following source code has been added to the Genre/Form Code and Term Source Codes list for usage in appropriate fields and elements.

Gattungsbegriffe (Leipzig & Frankfort: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek)
Subject Heading and Term Source Codes

The following source codes have been added to the Subject Heading and Term Source Codes list for usage in appropriate fields and elements.

HUMORD (Norway: Universitetsbibliotekene i Oslo, Bergen og Troms)
University of Oslo Library Thesaurus of Science (Realfagstermer) (Norway: Universitetsbiblioteket i Oslo)
Thesaurus of Law (Norway: Universitetsbiblioteket i Oslo)
TEK-ord: UBiTs emneordliste for arkitektur, realfag, og teknolog (Norway: Universitetsbiblioteket i Trondheim.)

ParsCit Updated

Logo Open Source InitiativeImage via WikipediaSeen on Code4Lib.
The ParsCit team has also been updating the ParsCit package, and is happy to announce a new version that improves on classification accuracy, especially for general science journals. This version also adds a module that further processes XML files that are the output of the commercial Omnipage OCR engine. The version also benefits from a number of user-contributed fixes and training data, such as separating volume and issue numbers for journals, and export of parsed reference strings into EndNote, MODS, BibTeX or other metadata formats via the BiblioScript library.

You can either download a copy of ParsCit for your own use, or use it through a web services interface. We welcome your feedback and hope that if you use ParsCit or any other freely available reference string parsing tool that you can contribute annotated data to help make these models more robust.

ParsCit (and its online demos) are available from:

ParsCit is open source software that is used by many projects worldwide, and not just in experimental, research and academic places, but in commercial enterprises as well. Mendeley is using ParsCit to parse references from contributed papers, as is the Citations in Economics (CitEc) project.

Monday, June 20, 2011

Library Linked Data

Karen Coyle writes on Coyle's InFormation that "There will soon be a call for reviews of the draft report by the W3C Incubator Group on Library Linked Data." This is a longish document. It might be best to start reading and considering it now to make an intelligent response when the time comes.